Category:Dutch class 4 strong verbs

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  1. opscheren
  2. bijeenkomen
  3. verspreken
  4. uitbreken
  5. opsteken
  6. bescheren
  7. wegen
  8. voornemen
  9. rondkomen
  10. scheren
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. opnemen
  2. overeenkomen
  3. thuiskomen
  4. oversteken
  5. terugkomen
  6. ondernemen
  7. waarnemen
  8. innemen
  9. uitsteken
  10. inkomen

Fundamental » All languages » Dutch » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 4 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a sonorant (m, n, l, r) but no other consonant in Proto-Indo-European.

The fourth class of Dutch strong verbs is rather small with respect to the number of roots, is characterized by a vowel length change between the singular and plural forms of the past tense. For example breken - brak - braken - gebroken

The paradigm is:

Form Regular Anomalous
Present tense /-eː-/ /-eː-/
Past tense singular /-ɑ-/ /-oː-/
Past tense plural /-aː-/ /-oː-/
Past participle /-oː-/ /-oː-/

A small group of the verbs in the fourth class have replaced the past tense vowel with -o(o)- (/oː/).

For example wegen - woog - wogen - gewogen