Category:Dutch class 4 strong verbs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Recent additions to the category
  1. scheren
  2. wegen
  3. zweren
  4. doorsteken
  5. afwegen
  6. wreken
  7. bewegen
  8. overwegen
  9. gevangennemen
  10. bijkomen
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. nakomen
  2. weerspreken
  3. langskomen
  4. doorsteken
  5. benemen
  6. kommen
  7. beetnemen
  8. wreken
  9. scheren
  10. breken

» All languages » Dutch language » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 4 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a sonorant (m, n, l, r) but no other consonant in Proto-Indo-European.


The fourth class of Dutch strong verbs is rather small with respect to the number of roots, is characterized by a vowel length change between the singular and plural forms of the past tense. For example breken - brak - braken - gebroken

The paradigm is:

Form Regular Anomalous
Present tense /-eː-/ /-eː-/
Past tense singular /-ɑ-/ /-oː-/
Past tense plural /-aː-/ /-oː-/
Past participle /-oː-/ /-oː-/

A small group of the verbs in the fourth class have replaced the past tense vowel with -o(o)- (/oː/).

For example wegen - woog - wogen - gewogen