wegen

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See also: Wegen

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch wēgen, from Old Dutch *wegan, from Proto-Germanic *weganą, from Proto-Indo-European *wéǵʰeti.

Verb[edit]

wegen

  1. (transitive) to weigh, to determine the weight of
  2. (transitive) to weigh, to have a certain weight
    Het schip was gebouwd voor een bemanning van 435 personen en woog 1200 ton.
    The ship was built for a crew of 435 people and weighed 1200 tons.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of wegen (strong class 4)
infinitive wegen
past singular woog
past participle gewogen
infinitive wegen
gerund wegen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular weeg woog
2nd person sing. (jij) weegt woog
2nd person sing. (u) weegt woog
2nd person sing. (gij) weegt woogt
3rd person singular weegt woog
plural wegen wogen
subjunctive sing.1 wege woge
subjunctive plur.1 wegen wogen
imperative sing. weeg
imperative plur.1 weegt
participles wegend gewogen
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

wegen

  1. Plural form of weg

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from von X Wegen; ultimately the dative plural of Weg.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈveːɡən/, /ˈveːɡŋ̩/

Preposition[edit]

wegen (+ genitive or dative)

  1. for, because of

Usage notes[edit]

1.) While the dative is informally acceptable now, it is still considered erroneous grammar by conservative or language-aware speakers (except in certain cases, see below). In the standard language, wegen is hence usually followed the original genitive:

  • Die Autobahn wurde wegen eines Unfalls gesperrt.The autobahn was closed because of an accident.
Even in formal language, the dative case is normally used if the genitive would be indistinguishable from the nominative in form, which is the case with plural nouns not preceded by an article, determiner, or adjective:
  • Die Autobahn wurde wegen Unfällen gesperrt.The autobahn was closed because of accidents.
The dative case is also used with pronouns whose genitive form is not heard as often, and if a possessive genitive is preceding the referent of the preposition.
  • Er rief wegen etwas Wichtigem an.He called because of something important.
  • Er rief wegen Peters neuem Auto an.He called because of Peter's new car.
    (→ wegen Peters neuen Autos is possible, but unusual)
Masculine and neuter singular nouns not preceded by an article, determiner, or adjective may take inflectional -(e)s, although this is now quite formal. Personal names never take an ending.
  • Er war wegen Fieber(s) verhindert.He was unavailable because of a fever.
  • Sie ist wegen Anton nach Köln gezogen.She moved to Cologne because of Anton.
Personal pronouns and some other pronouns have special contracted forms with wegen:

2.) In the vernacular, and occasionally in writing, it is common to use the dative case after wegen at all times, whereby all the above peculiarities cease to apply. To some, the genitive may even sound pretentious in a private conversation. This is long-standing practice in the German dialects, which have mostly abolished the genitive per se.

  • Die Autobahn wurde wegen einem Unfall gesperrt.The autobahn was closed because of an accident.

3.) In very formal usage, wegen may be used as a postposition (always with genitive).

  • Die Autobahn wurde eines Unfalls wegen gesperrt.The autobahn was closed because of an accident.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *wegan, from Proto-Germanic *weganą, from Proto-Indo-European *wéǵʰeti.

Verb[edit]

wēgen

  1. to weigh, to have a certain weight
  2. to weigh, to determine the weight of
  3. to weigh, to consider

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • weghen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • wegen (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929