Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wéǵʰeti

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thematic root verb of the root *weǵʰ-.

Verb[edit]

*wéǵʰeti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be transporting

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *wéǵʰeti
3rd plural *wéǵʰonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *wéǵʰoh₂ *wéǵʰom *wéǵʰōh₂ *wéǵʰoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *wéǵʰesi *wéǵʰes *wéǵʰe *wéǵʰēsi *wéǵʰoys
3rd singular *wéǵʰeti *wéǵʰet *wéǵʰetu *wéǵʰēti *wéǵʰoyt
1st dual *wéǵʰowos *wéǵʰowe *wéǵʰōwos *wéǵʰoywe
2nd dual *wéǵʰetes *wéǵʰetom *wéǵʰetom *wéǵʰētes *wéǵʰoytom
3rd dual *wéǵʰetes *wéǵʰetām *wéǵʰetām *wéǵʰētes *wéǵʰoytām
1st plural *wéǵʰomos *wéǵʰome *wéǵʰōmos *wéǵʰoyme
2nd plural *wéǵʰete *wéǵʰete *wéǵʰete *wéǵʰēte *wéǵʰoyte
3rd plural *wéǵʰonti *wéǵʰont *wéǵʰontu *wéǵʰōnti *wéǵʰoyh₁n̥t
Participle *wéǵʰonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *wéǵʰoh₂er *wéǵʰoh₂e *wéǵʰōh₂er *wéǵʰoyh₂e
2nd singular *wéǵʰeth₂er *wéǵʰeth₂e *wéǵʰeso *wéǵʰēth₂er *wéǵʰoyth₂e
3rd singular *wéǵʰetor *wéǵʰeto *? *wéǵʰētor *wéǵʰoyto, *wéǵʰoyh₁o
1st dual *wéǵʰowosdʰh₂ *wéǵʰowedʰh₂ *wéǵʰōwosdʰh₂ *wéǵʰoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *wéǵʰomosdʰh₂ *wéǵʰomedʰh₂ *wéǵʰōmosdʰh₂ *wéǵʰoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *wéǵʰedʰh₂we *wéǵʰedʰh₂we *wéǵʰedʰh₂we *wéǵʰēdʰh₂we *wéǵʰoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *wéǵʰoror, *wéǵʰontor *wéǵʰoro, *wéǵʰonto *? *wéǵʰōror, *wéǵʰōntor *wéǵʰoyro, *wéǵʰoyh₁n̥to
Participle *wéǵʰomnos

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *weźtei (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *weganą (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *wékʰō (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *wáȷ́ʰati (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *weɣō (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press