zitten

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*sed-

From Old Dutch *sitten, from Proto-Germanic *sitjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sed-. Compare Low German sitten, West Frisian sitte, German sitzen, English sit, Danish sidde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

zitten (past singular zat, past participle gezeten)

  1. (intransitive) to sit
  2. (intransitive) to be, to be placed or located
    Ik zit in de trein.
    I am on the train. (this could also be translated as "am sitting", but in Dutch this phrase could be used even when one were actually standing)
  3. (intransitive, with te and another verb's infinitive) Used as an alternative to zijn + aan het to form a continuous aspect. Although it carries an implication of sitting, this is vague and is not strictly required or emphasized.
    Terwijl jij rustig je tijd neemt, zit ik hier voor niets te wachten.
    While you're taking your time, I am waiting here for nothing.
    Hij zit daar te liegen van kan niet meer! -- He's lying through his teeth!

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of zitten (strong class 5)
infinitive zitten
past singular zat
past participle gezeten
infinitive zitten
gerund zitten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular zit zat
2nd person sing. (jij) zit zat
2nd person sing. (u) zit zat
2nd person sing. (gij) zit zat
3rd person singular zit zat
plural zitten zaten
subjunctive sing.1 zitte zate
subjunctive plur.1 zitten zaten
imperative sing. zit
imperative plur.1 zit
participles zittend gezeten
1) Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]