Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sed-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*sed- (perfective)[1]

  1. to sit

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sédt ~ *sdént (athematic root aorist)
  • *sí-sd-e-ti (thematic i-reduplicated present)
  • *séd-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Celtic: *sedeti (see there for further descendants)
  • *séd-ti (athematic root present)
  • *sed-s- (sigmatic aorist)
  • *séd-ye-ti (ye-present)
  • *sod-éye-ti (to set, causative)
  • *sed-éh₁-ye-ti (eh₁-stative)
  • *sed-éh₂-ye-ti (eh₂-factitive)
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sēdō (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱye-sd-é-ti (< perhaps originally meaning sit/set here)
    • Italic: *kezdō
      • Latin: cēdō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-i-
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: sēdēs (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-ti-
  • *séd-os ~ *séd-es
  • *sod-ó- (< with affected meanings perhaps similar to set out)
  • *sod-yom
  • *sod-dʰo-
  • *sed-lo- (seat)[2]
    • Armenian:
    • Celtic: *sedlom (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *setlaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: *héllā
    • Italic: *sedlā
      • Latin: sella (see there for further descendants)
    • Slavic: *sědlo (see there for further descendants)
  • *sé(d)-tlom
    • Germanic: *seþlą
      • West Germanic: *seþl (seat, sitting) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-tlóm ~ *sed-tróm
    • Indo-Iranian: *satˢtrám (sacrificial gathering) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sod-tlō-
    • Germanic: *sadulaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *sed-tós
  • *sed-ro-
  • *sed-s
  • *sed-yeh₂
  • *ni-sd-ós (nest)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Hellenic: [Term?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1988) The Proto-Indo-European Instrument Noun Suffix *-tlom and its Variants (Historisk-filosofiske Meddelelser; 55), Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, →ISBN, page 13: “2.7. *sed-lah₂ (and *sed-lo-) “seat””