lopen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch lôpen, from Old Dutch *lōpan, *loupan, from Proto-Germanic *hlaupaną (to run).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lopen

  1. (intransitive, chiefly Belgium) to run, go fast on one's own legs
    Ik ben naar de stad gelopen.
    I ran to the city.
    Synonyms: hardlopen, hollen, rennen
  2. (intransitive, chiefly Belgium) to run, cover distance, follow a track etc.
    Hij heeft daar veel gelopen.
    He did a lot of running there.
    Synonyms: hardlopen, hollen, rennen
  3. (intransitive, chiefly Netherlands) to walk, go somewhere regardless of speed
    Ik ben naar de stad gelopen.
    I walked to the city.
    Synonyms: gaan, stappen, wandelen
  4. (intransitive, chiefly Netherlands) to walk in general
    Hij heeft daar veel gelopen.
    He did a lot of walking there.
    Synonyms: gaan, stappen, wandelen
  5. (intransitive) to be open, current, activated
  6. (intransitive) to lose liquid: drip, gush, leak
  7. (auxiliary, with te) Forms a continuous aspect. Although it carries an implication of walking, this is vague and not emphasized.
    Wat loop jij daar te doen?
    What are you doing there?
Usage notes[edit]

In Flanders, the word usually means "to run", while in the Netherlands it usually means "to walk". An identical phrase will thus be interpreted differently depending on the area where the speaker comes from.

Inflection[edit]
Inflection of lopen (strong class 7)
infinitive lopen
past singular liep
past participle gelopen
infinitive lopen
gerund lopen n
verbal noun loop
present tense past tense
1st person singular loop liep
2nd person sing. (jij) loopt liep
2nd person sing. (u) loopt liep
2nd person sing. (gij) loopt liept
3rd person singular loopt liep
plural lopen liepen
subjunctive sing.1 lope liepe
subjunctive plur.1 lopen liepen
imperative sing. loop
imperative plur.1 loopt
participles lopend gelopen
1) Archaic.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch loope, lopin (perhaps cognate with French), presumably a diminutive of loop (jump), cognate with Old English leap.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lopen ? (uncountable, diminutive loopje n)

  1. A dry measure of content
  2. An apparently larger land measure
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

lopen

  1. Plural form of loop

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index lo)

Adverb[edit]

lopen

  1. altogether, to death
    Olen lopen kyllästynyt tähän paikkaan!
    I'm fed up to here with this place!

Anagrams[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German lôpen, from Old Saxon hlōpan, from Proto-Germanic *hlaupaną, from Proto-Indo-European *klAub-, *klAup- (to spring, stumble). Cognate with Dutch lopen, German laufen (to run), West Frisian ljeppe, English leap, Danish løbe, Swedish löpa (to run).

Verb[edit]

lopen (past singular leep, past participle lopen, auxiliary verb hebben or wesen)

  1. to leap, run

Conjugation[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *lōpan, *loupan, from Proto-Germanic *hlaupaną (to run).

Verb[edit]

lôpen

  1. to run (on foot)
  2. to go, to run, to move
  3. to run, to flow
  4. to go, to stretch (of roads, rivers etc.)

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lopen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • lopen (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929