wesan

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Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-.

Verb[edit]

wesan

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-. The simple present forms originate from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), which had no infinitive or past tense in Proto-Germanic, but had already formed a single paradigm with *wesaną supplying the infinitive and past tense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wesan

  1. to be, exist
Usage notes[edit]

The verb “to be” in Old English was suppletive, and used forms from at least three different roots. There were two distinct present stems, for which wesan and bēon were the two infinitive forms. The present bēon was used to express permanent truths (the “gnomic present”), while wesan was used for the present participle and the preterite. They both shared the same past tense forms.

Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wōsijaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wēsan

  1. to soak; to macerate; to dye
  2. to ooze
Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • sīn (less common infinitive, but spreading)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-.

Verb[edit]

wesan

  1. to be, exist

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • sīn (rare infinitive)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-. The forms in b- derive from Proto-Germanic *beuną (to be, exist, become), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to grow, become, appear).

Verb[edit]

wesan

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English white sand.

Noun[edit]

wesan

  1. sand

Related terms[edit]