dicht

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɪxt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: dicht
  • Rhymes: -ɪxt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch dicht, from Old Dutch *thīht, from Proto-West Germanic *þį̄ht(ī), from Proto-Germanic *þinhtaz. Cognate with English tight and German dicht (dense).

Adjective[edit]

dicht (comparative dichter, superlative dichtst)

  1. thick, tight, dense
  2. close
    „Wie vorig jaar zijn woning verkocht, kreeg een prijs die relatief dicht bij de oorspronkelijke vraagprijs lag”, staat in het onderzoek. — “Who in the previous year sold his home, obtained a price that lay relatively close to the original asking price,” stated the research paper.
    (Het Algemeen Dagblad, 5 January 2007)
  3. closed, shut
    Ik spring lachend in het diepe met m'n ogen dicht. — I jump laughing into the deep with my eyes shut. (Marco Borsato ft. Sita – Lopen Op Het Water)
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of dicht
uninflected dicht
inflected dichte
comparative dichter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial dicht dichter het dichtst
het dichtste
indefinite m./f. sing. dichte dichtere dichtste
n. sing. dicht dichter dichtste
plural dichte dichtere dichtste
definite dichte dichtere dichtste
partitive dichts dichters
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: dig

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch dicht. See the verb dichten (to compose a poem).

Noun[edit]

dicht n (plural dichten, diminutive dichtje n)

  1. (literary) poem
  2. (archaic, literary) poetry
    Antonym: ondicht
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

dicht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of dichten
  2. imperative of dichten

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German dīchte, from Old High German *dīhti, from Proto-West Germanic *þį̄ht(ī), from Proto-Germanic *þinhtaz.

The modern vocalism is from Middle Low German dicht(e) with Low German shortening before -cht (compare German leicht and German Low German licht). The expected form deicht is attested in early modern German. Cognate with Dutch dicht, English tight.

Adjective[edit]

dicht (strong nominative masculine singular dichter, comparative dichter, superlative am dichtesten)

  1. thick, tight, dense
    • 2010, Der Spiegel[1], volume 33/2010, page 31:
      Baschir trägt einen dichten Bart, der einzig die Partie zwischen der Oberlippe und seiner großen Nase ausspart.
      Baschir wears a dense beard, which only leaves out the part between the upper lip and his big nose.
  2. impermeable, sealed, shut, locked (preventing passage or entrance)
  3. (with bei or an) close to
  4. (colloquial) intoxicated
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

dicht

  1. closely

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

dicht

  1. singular imperative of dichten
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of dichten

Further reading[edit]

  • dicht” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • dicht” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • dicht” in Duden online

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German dīhte, from Old High German *dīhti, from Proto-West Germanic *þį̄ht(ī), from Proto-Germanic *þinhtaz.

The variant diicht is inherited; the form with a short vowel is influenced by German dicht, itself influenced by Middle Low German dicht (alongside obsolete German deicht). Cognate with Dutch dicht, English tight.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dicht (masculine dichten, neuter dicht, comparative méi dicht, superlative am dichtsten)

  1. dense
  2. impermeable; watertight

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

dicht

  1. inflection of dichten:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person plural present indicative
    3. second-person singular/plural imperative

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German dīchte, from Old High German *dīhti, from Proto-West Germanic *þį̄ht(ī), from Proto-Germanic *þinhtaz. Compare German dicht, Dutch dicht, English tight.

Adjective[edit]

dicht

  1. dense
  2. close, nearby

Scots[edit]

Verb[edit]

dicht

  1. (transitive) To wipe.