dichten

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See also: Dichten

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From dicht +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

dichten

  1. (transitive) to close
  2. (transitive) to stop up
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of dichten (weak)
infinitive dichten
past singular dichtte
past participle gedicht
infinitive dichten
gerund dichten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (jij) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (u) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (gij) dicht dichtte
3rd person singular dicht dichtte
plural dichten dichtten
subjunctive sing.1 dichte dichtte
subjunctive plur.1 dichten dichtten
imperative sing. dicht
imperative plur.1 dicht
participles dichtend gedicht
1) Archaic.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch dichten, from Latin dictō.

Verb[edit]

dichten

  1. (intransitive) to compose a poem
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of dichten (weak)
infinitive dichten
past singular dichtte
past participle gedicht
infinitive dichten
gerund dichten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (jij) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (u) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (gij) dicht dichtte
3rd person singular dicht dichtte
plural dichten dichtten
subjunctive sing.1 dichte dichtte
subjunctive plur.1 dichten dichtten
imperative sing. dicht
imperative plur.1 dicht
participles dichtend gedicht
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

dichten

  1. Plural form of dicht

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɪçtən/, [ˈdɪçtən], [ˈdɪçtn̩]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German tihten, from Old High German tihtōn, dihtōn. Probably an early borrowing from Latin dictare, although it has been suggested that a Germanic verb, possibly akin to Middle High German tīchen (to create, to put into practice), was merged with the Latin one. The consonantism (d-/t-) was very unstable in early modern German; the voiced onset, which is in line with Middle Low German dichten, has prevailed. Cognate with Dutch dichten, English dight.

Verb[edit]

dichten (third-person singular simple present dichtet, past tense dichtete, past participle gedichtet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to compose (a text, almost always poetry)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the adjective dicht.

Verb[edit]

dichten (third-person singular simple present dichtet, past tense dichtete, past participle gedichtet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to caulk
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dichten

  1. inflected form of dicht

Luxembourgish[edit]

Verb[edit]

dichten (third-person singular present dicht, past participle gedicht, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. to compose poetry

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive dichten
participle gedicht
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular dichten
2nd singular dichts dicht
3rd singular dicht
1st plural dichten
2nd plural dicht dicht
3rd plural dichten
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin dictō.

Verb[edit]

dichten

  1. to dictate
  2. to write down, to arrange in writing

Inflection[edit]

Weak
Indicative Present Past
1st singular dichte dichte
2nd singular dichts, dichtes dichtes
3rd singular dicht, dichtet dichte
1st plural dichten dichten
2nd plural dicht, dichtet dichtet
3rd plural dichten dichten
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular dichte dichte
2nd singular dichts, dichtes dichtes
3rd singular dichte dichte
1st plural dichten dichten
2nd plural dicht, dichtet dichtet
3rd plural dichten dichten
Imperative Present
Singular dichte
Plural dicht, dichtet
Present Past
Participle dichtende gedicht

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dichten (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dichten”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929