graven

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See also: Graven

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English graven, igraven, from Old English grafen, ġegrafen, from Proto-Germanic *grabanaz, past participle of Proto-Germanic *grabaną (to dig, trench), equivalent to grave +‎ -en. Cognate with Saterland Frisian greeuwen, Dutch gegraven, German Low German graven, German gegraben, Icelandic grafinn.

Verb[edit]

graven

  1. past participle of grave
    • 1872, James De Mille, The Cryptogram[1], HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2009:
      Deep lines were graven on her pale forehead, and on her wan, thin cheeks.

Adjective[edit]

graven (not comparable)

  1. carved, engraved
    • Old Testament (Exodus 20:4 KJV)
      Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.
  2. Something fashioned by man, or something man-made. Anything made by man's hands.
  3. Something that is not alive, but made dead, from the grave.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From graven (adjective) above.

Verb[edit]

graven (third-person singular simple present gravens, present participle gravening, simple past and past participle gravened)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make graven or engraved
    • 1786, Thomas Doolittle, A treatise concerning the Lord's Supper:
      I saw I was not only gravened upon the palms of his hands, or set as a seal upon his arm, but I was pourtrayed upon his heart.

Etymology 3[edit]

From grave (adjective) +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

graven (third-person singular simple present gravens, present participle gravening, simple past and past participle gravened)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To make or become grave (serious or sombre)
    • 2012, Samuel W Herbert, Avenue:
      Whatever it was that had cast a dark shadow and gravened the faces of those normally ebullient people was much too complicated for me to understand.

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

graven

  1. third-person plural present indicative form of gravar

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

graven c

  1. singular definite of grav

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch grāven, from Old Dutch gravan, from Proto-Germanic *grabaną.

Verb[edit]

graven

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to dig
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of graven (strong class 6)
infinitive graven
past singular groef
past participle gegraven
infinitive graven
gerund graven n
present tense past tense
1st person singular graaf groef
2nd person sing. (jij) graaft groef
2nd person sing. (u) graaft groef
2nd person sing. (gij) graaft groeft
3rd person singular graaft groef
plural graven groeven
subjunctive sing.1 grave groeve
subjunctive plur.1 graven groeven
imperative sing. graaf
imperative plur.1 graaft
participles gravend gegraven
1) Archaic.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

graven

  1. Plural form of graf

Noun[edit]

graven

  1. Plural form of graaf

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch gravan, from Proto-Germanic *grabaną.

Verb[edit]

grāven

  1. to dig
  2. to bury

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 6
Infinitive grāven
3rd sg. past groef
3rd pl. past groeven
Past participle gegrāven
Infinitive grāven
In genitive grāvens
In dative grāvene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular grāve groef
2nd singular grāefs, grāves groefs, groeves
3rd singular grāeft, grāvet groef
1st plural grāven groeven
2nd plural grāeft, grāvet groeft, groevet
3rd plural grāven groeven
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular grāve groeve
2nd singular grāefs, grāves groeves
3rd singular grāve groeve
1st plural grāven groeven
2nd plural grāeft, grāvet groevet
3rd plural grāven groeven
Imperative Present
Singular graf, grāef, grāve
Plural grāeft, grāvet
Present Past
Participle grāvende gegrāven

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • graven”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • graven (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

graven m or f

  1. definite masculine singular of grav

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

graven

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of gravar.
  2. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of gravar.
  3. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of gravar.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

graven

  1. definite singular of grav