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See also: aknās


 aknas on Latvian Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal forms) aknis


From Proto-Baltic *yeknā-, *yaknā-, from the genitive form *yekʷ-né-s of Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥ (liver), an old, n/r-alternating stem. Cognates include Lithuanian jẽknos, dialectal ãknos, Old Prussian lagno (apparently a misspelled iagno), Sanskrit यकृत् (yakṛt) (genitive यक्नः (yaknáḥ)) Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar) (genitive ἧπατος (hêpatos)), Latin iecur.[1]




aknas f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) liver (internal organ of humans and animals, gland that produces bile)
    aknu slimības‎ ― liver diseases
    aknu uztūkums‎ ― swelling of the liver
    aknu funkcijas‎ ― liver functions
    kuņģa tuvumā ir aknas ar žultspūsli‎ ― in the vicinity of the stomach are (situated) the liver with (= and) the gall bladder
    aknām ir izcila nozīme visdažādākos organisma vielmaiņas procesos‎ ― the liver has great importance in a variety of metabolic processes in the body
  2. this organ of an animal, used as food
    ceptas, sautētas aknas‎ ― fried, stewed liver
    aknu desa, pastēte‎ ― liver sausage, pâté
    ļoti labs A vitamīna avots uzturā ir liellopu un cūku aknas, kā arī mencu aknu konservi‎ ― a very good source of vitamin A in one's diet is cow and pig liver, as well as canned cod liver


Usage notes[edit]

The plural forms are always preferred. The singular forms apparently exist, according to published dictionaries, but seem to be mostly unattested.


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aknas”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7