aknas

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: aknās

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 aknas on Latvian Wikipedia
Aknas

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal forms) aknis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *yeknā-, *yaknā-, from the genitive form *yekʷ-né-s of Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥ (liver), an old, n/r-alternating stem. Cognates include Lithuanian jẽknos, dialectal ãknos, Old Prussian lagno (apparently a misspelled iagno), Sanskrit यकृत् (yakṛt) (genitive यक्नः (yaknáḥ)) Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar) (genitive ἧπατος (hêpatos)), Latin iecur.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

aknas f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) liver (internal organ of humans and animals, gland that produces bile)
    aknu slimībasliver diseases
    aknu uztūkumsswelling of the liver
    aknu funkcijasliver functions
    kuņģa tuvumā ir aknas ar žultspūsliin the vicinity of the stomach are (situated) the liver with (= and) the gall bladder
    aknām ir izcila nozīme visdažādākos organisma vielmaiņas procesosthe liver has great importance in a variety of metabolic processes in the body
  2. this organ of an animal, used as food
    ceptas, sautētas aknasfried, stewed liver
    aknu desa, pastēteliver sausage, pâté
    ļoti labs A vitamīna avots uzturā ir liellopu un cūku aknas, kā arī mencu aknu konservia very good source of vitamin A in one's diet is cow and pig liver, as well as canned cod liver

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural forms are always preferred. The singular forms apparently exist, according to published dictionaries, but seem to be mostly unattested.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aknas”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7