dormio

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *drē- (to sleep)[1] or Proto-Indo-European *drem-[2]. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic дрѣмати (drěmati, to drowse, doze), whence Russian дремать (dremat'). Cognates with a different word formation include Ancient Greek δαρθάνω (darthánō, I sleep).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dormiō (present infinitive dormīre, perfect active dormīvī, supine dormītum); fourth conjugation, no passive

  1. I sleep
    dormituri te salutant
    Those who are about to sleep, salute you.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of dormio (fourth conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dormiō dormīs dormit dormīmus dormītis dormiunt
imperfect dormiēbam dormiēbās dormiēbat dormiēbāmus dormiēbātis dormiēbant
future dormiam dormiēs dormiet dormiēmus dormiētis dormient
perfect dormīvī dormīvistī dormīvit dormīvimus dormīvistis dormīvērunt, dormīvēre
pluperfect dormīveram dormīverās dormīverat dormīverāmus dormīverātis dormīverant
future perfect dormīverō dormīveris dormīverit dormīverimus dormīveritis dormīverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dormiam dormiās dormiat dormiāmus dormiātis dormiant
imperfect dormīrem dormīrēs dormīret dormīrēmus dormīrētis dormīrent
perfect dormīverim dormīverīs dormīverit dormīverīmus dormīverītis dormīverint
pluperfect dormīvissem dormīvissēs dormīvisset dormīvissēmus dormīvissētis dormīvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dormī dormīte
future dormītō dormītō dormītōte dormiuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dormīre dormīvisse dormītūrus esse
participles dormiēns dormītūrus

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny 1910
  2. ^ “dormire” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2