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Alternative forms[edit]


Originally sanguīs, from older sanguen, from *san- (compare saniēs (ichor; ulcer)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, oblique stem of *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood); compare Old Latin assyr, aser, Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒄯 (ēšḫar), Sanskrit असृज् (ásṛj), Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar), Old Armenian արիւն (ariwn). The original paradigm must have been nominative assyr, oblique san-, which then split into doublets. The element -guen is probably from unguen, inguen.



sanguis m (genitive sanguinis); third declension

  1. blood
    • Tertullianus, Apologeticus
      Semen est sanguis Christianōrum.
      The blood of Christians is seed.


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sanguis sanguinēs
genitive sanguinis sanguinum
dative sanguinī sanguinibus
accusative sanguinem sanguinēs
ablative sanguine sanguinibus
vocative sanguis sanguinēs

Derived terms[edit]



  • sanguis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sanguis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sanguis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sanguis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to drip blood; to be deluged with blood: sanguine manare, redundare
    • to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)