sanguis

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally sanguīs, from older sanguen, from *san- (compare saniēs (ichor; ulcer)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, oblique stem of *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood); compare Old Latin assyr, aser, Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒄯 (ēšḫar), Sanskrit असृज् (ásṛj), Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar), Old Armenian արիւն (ariwn). The original paradigm must have been nominative assyr, oblique san-, which then split into doublets. The element -guen is probably from unguen, inguen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sanguis m (genitive sanguinis); third declension

  1. blood
    • Tertullianus, Apologeticus
      Semen est sanguis Christianorum.
      The blood of Christians is seed.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sanguis sanguinēs
genitive sanguinis sanguinum
dative sanguinī sanguinibus
accusative sanguinem sanguinēs
ablative sanguine sanguinibus
vocative sanguis sanguinēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • sanguis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sanguis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “sanguis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • sanguis” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to drip blood; to be deluged with blood: sanguine manare, redundare
    • to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)