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From ex- (out of, from) +‎ animō (fill with breath or air; enliven, animate).



exanimō (present infinitive exanimāre, perfect active exanimāvī, supine exanimātum); first conjugation

  1. I deprive of air or wind; deflate; weaken, exhaust.
  2. I deprive of life, kill, wear out.
  3. (in a passive sense) I am out of breath, am weakened or am exhausted.
  4. (in a passive sense) I am deprived of life, am killed, or am dead.
  5. (figuratively) I deprive of spirit or life; alarm or terrify greatly, stun; agitate, trouble.


   Conjugation of exanimō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exanimō exanimās exanimat exanimāmus exanimātis exanimant
imperfect exanimābam exanimābās exanimābat exanimābāmus exanimābātis exanimābant
future exanimābō exanimābis exanimābit exanimābimus exanimābitis exanimābunt
perfect exanimāvī exanimāvistī exanimāvit exanimāvimus exanimāvistis exanimāvērunt, exanimāvēre
pluperfect exanimāveram exanimāverās exanimāverat exanimāverāmus exanimāverātis exanimāverant
future perfect exanimāverō exanimāveris exanimāverit exanimāverimus exanimāveritis exanimāverint
passive present exanimor exanimāris, exanimāre exanimātur exanimāmur exanimāminī exanimantur
imperfect exanimābar exanimābāris, exanimābāre exanimābātur exanimābāmur exanimābāminī exanimābantur
future exanimābor exanimāberis, exanimābere exanimābitur exanimābimur exanimābiminī exanimābuntur
perfect exanimātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exanimātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exanimātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exanimem exanimēs exanimet exanimēmus exanimētis exaniment
imperfect exanimārem exanimārēs exanimāret exanimārēmus exanimārētis exanimārent
perfect exanimāverim exanimāverīs exanimāverit exanimāverīmus exanimāverītis exanimāverint
pluperfect exanimāvissem exanimāvissēs exanimāvisset exanimāvissēmus exanimāvissētis exanimāvissent
passive present exanimer exanimēris, exanimēre exanimētur exanimēmur exanimēminī exanimentur
imperfect exanimārer exanimārēris, exanimārēre exanimārētur exanimārēmur exanimārēminī exanimārentur
perfect exanimātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exanimātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exanimā exanimāte
future exanimātō exanimātō exanimātōte exanimantō
passive present exanimāre exanimāminī
future exanimātor exanimātor exanimantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exanimāre exanimāvisse exanimātūrum esse exanimārī exanimātum esse exanimātum īrī
participles exanimāns exanimātūrus exanimātus exanimandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
exanimandī exanimandō exanimandum exanimandō exanimātum exanimātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • English: exanimate
  • Italian: esanimare


  • exanimo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exanimo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exanimo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to run till one is out of breath: cursu exanimari (B.G. 2. 23. 1)
    • a man is paralysed with fear: metus aliquem exanimat (Mil. 24. 65)