raze

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: raže, rażę, ráze, and ráže

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rasen, racen, rase (to scrape; to shave; to erase; to pull; to strip off; to pluck or tear out; to root out (a tree, etc.); to pull away, snatch; to pull down; to knock down; to rend, tear apart; to pick clean, strip; to cleave, slice; to sever; to lacerate; to pierce; to carve, engrave; to dig; (figuratively) to expunge, obliterate; to alter) [and other forms],[1], from Anglo-Norman raser, rasere, rasser, Middle French, Old French raser (to shave; to touch lightly, graze; to level off (grain, etc.) in a measure; to demolish, tear down; to erase; to polish; to wear down), from Vulgar Latin *raso (to shave; to scrape; to scratch; to touch lightly, graze), from Latin rāsus (scraped; shaved), the perfect passive participle of rādō (to scrape, scratch; to shave; to rub, smooth; to brush along, graze),[2] ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁d- (to scrape, scratch; to gnaw). Doublet of rash (etymology 2 and etymology 7).

Verb[edit]

raze (third-person singular simple present razes, present participle razing, simple past and past participle razed)

  1. (transitive) To demolish; to level to the ground.
    • 2017 May 13, Barney Ronay, “Antonio Conte’s brilliance has turned Chelsea’s pop-up team into champions”, in The Guardian[1], London:
      Just as significant in the long term, Chelsea were also granted permission this season for their new on-site mega-stadium, a 60,000-seat upgrade that will mean the current Stamford Bridge is razed and replaced by something that looks like a vast alien space yurt made of giant Martian redwood stems.
  2. (transitive) To destroy; to strike out of existence; to obliterate.
  3. (transitive) To scrape as if with a razor.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

raze

  1. Obsolete spelling of race (rhizome of ginger).

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

raze (plural razes)

  1. A swinging fence in a watercourse to prevent cattle passing through.

References[edit]

  1. ^ rāsen, v.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “raze, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2022; “raze, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

raze

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of razen

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain; possibly of South Slavic or substrate origin. Compare Slovene raca, Romanian rață.

Noun[edit]

raze f (plural razis)

  1. duck

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare Italian razza.

Noun[edit]

raze f (plural razis)

  1. race
  2. breed
  3. strain

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈraze]

Noun[edit]

raze f

  1. inflection of rază:
    1. indefinite genitive/dative singular
    2. indefinite nominative/accusative/genitive/dative plural