lann

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See also: -lann

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- ‎(flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus ‎(flat). Compare Scottish Gaelic lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive singular lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. (literary) sword
  2. blade
  3. scale (of a fish)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- ‎(land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan and with land (English land). Compare Scottish Gaelic lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive singular lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. (archaic) floor
  2. (archaic) enclosure
  3. (obsolete) church
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- ‎(land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Proto-Germanic *landą, English land.

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive singular lann, plural lannyn)

  1. enclosure
  2. habitation

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2 lann” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- ‎(flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus ‎(flat).

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. thin plate, layer
  2. blade, sword
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- ‎(land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Old English land (English land).

Noun[edit]

lann f, m ‎(genitive lainne or lainn, nominative plural lanna or lainn)

  1. building, house
  2. land, plot
  3. plate
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
lann
also llann after a proclitic
lann
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
lann
also llann after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- ‎(flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn; and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus ‎(flat). Compare Irish lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive singular lanna or lainne or lainn, plural lannan)

  1. blade, knife, sword, weapon, any bladed instrument
    lann na sgéine‎ ― the blade of the knife
    lann lìomhaidh‎ ― a polished sword
    lann thana‎ ― a thin blade
    ma liùbhras mi mo chlaidheamh, is ann an aghaidh na lanna‎ ― if I give up my sword, it shall be point first — i.e. you must fight for it
    tharraing iad an lann‎ ― they drew their swords
    lann Spàinndeach‎ ― toledo
  2. lancet
  3. washer (flat disc)
  4. scale (of a fish)
    lannan is itean an éisg‎ ― the scales and fins of the fish
  5. scale, rove (round piece of metal on which nails are clinched inside a boat)
  6. film (layer)
    lann a' bhàis air a shùilean‎ ― the film of death on his eyes

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- ‎(land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Proto-Germanic *landą, whence English land. Compare Irish lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f ‎(genitive singular lainn, plural lannan or lanndaichean)

  1. enclosure
  2. house, dwelling
  3. church
  4. repository
  5. stud, boss (as on a shield)
  6. gridiron
  7. scale (balance)
  8. (rarely) land
  9. (rarely) veil
  10. corn-yard
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 lann” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 lann” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.