lann

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See also: Lann and -lann

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- (flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus (flat). Compare Scottish Gaelic lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive singular lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. (literary) sword
  2. blade
  3. scale (of a fish)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan and with Old English land (English land). Compare Scottish Gaelic lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive singular lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. (archaic) floor
  2. (archaic) enclosure
  3. (obsolete) church
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Proto-Germanic *landą, English land.

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive singular lann, plural lannyn)

  1. enclosure
  2. habitation

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- (flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus (flat).

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive lainne, nominative plural lanna)

  1. thin plate, layer
  2. blade, sword
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lannL lainnL lannaH
Vocative lannL lainnL lannaH
Accusative lainnN lainnL lannaH
Genitive lainneH lannL lannN
Dative lainnL lannaib lannaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: lann
  • Scottish Gaelic: lann

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *landā, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Old English land (English land).

Noun[edit]

lann f or m (genitive lainne or lainn, nominative plural lanna or lainn)

  1. building, house
  2. land, plot
  3. plate
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lannL lainnL lannaH
Vocative lannL lainnL lannaH
Accusative lainnN lainnL lannaH
Genitive lainneH lannL lannN
Dative lainnL lannaib lannaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lann lannL lainnL
Vocative lainn lannL lannuH
Accusative lannN lannL lannuH
Genitive lainnL lann lannN
Dative lannL lannaib lannaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
lann
also llann after a proclitic
lann
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlaxsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₂- (flat). Cognate with Welsh llafn; and with Old Norse flatr (English flat), Latin plānus (flat). Compare Irish lann.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɫ̪aun̪ˠ/, /ɫ̪an̪ˠən/

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive singular lanna or lainne or lainn, plural lannan)

  1. blade, knife, sword, weapon, any bladed instrument
    lann na sgéinethe blade of the knife
    lann lìomhaidha polished sword
    lann thanaa thin blade
    ma liùbhras mi mo chlaidheamh, is ann an aghaidh na lannaif I give up my sword, it shall be point first
    — i.e. you must fight for it
    tharraing iad an lannthey drew their swords
  2. lancet
  3. washer (flat disc)
  4. scale (of a fish)
    lannan is itean an éisgthe scales and fins of the fish
  5. scale, rove (round piece of metal on which nails are clinched inside a boat)
  6. film (layer)
    lann a' bhàis air a shùileanthe film of death on his eyes

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish lann, from Proto-Celtic *landā ((open) land, space), from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Welsh llan; and with Proto-Germanic *landą, whence English land. Compare Irish lann.

Noun[edit]

lann f (genitive singular lainn, plural lannan or lanndaichean)

  1. enclosure
  2. house, dwelling
  3. church
  4. repository
  5. stud, boss (as on a shield)
  6. gridiron
  7. scale (balance)
  8. (rarely) land
  9. (rarely) veil
  10. corn-yard
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]