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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *ln̥dʰ-éh₂[1], from *léndʰ-s ~ *ln̥dʰ-és, from *lendʰ- (land, heath).[2] Cognate with Proto-Germanic *lundaz (grove) (whence Old Norse lundr), Proto-Germanic *landą (land).


*landā f[2][3][1][4]

  1. (open) land, space


Feminine ā-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *landā *landai *landās
vocative *landā *landai *landās
accusative *landam *landai *landāms
genitive *landās *landous *landom
dative *landāi *landābom *landābos
locative *landai *? *?
instrumental *? *landābim *landābis



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Schumacher, Stefan; Schulze-Thulin, Britta (2004) Die keltischen Primärverben: ein vergleichendes, etymologisches und morphologisches Lexikon [The Celtic Primary Verbs: A comparative, etymological and morphological lexicon] (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; 110) (in German), Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, page 125
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages *landā–232
  3. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 139: “PCl. *landā”
  4. ^ McCone, Kim (1996) Towards a relative chronology of ancient and medieval Celtic sound change, Maynooth: Dept. of Old Irish, St. Patrick's College, →ISBN, page 112