talamh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

talamh f, m (feminine genitive talún, masculine genitive talaimh, plural tailte)

  1. earth, ground, land
    1. the earth
    2. surface of the earth
    3. dry land
    4. surface of ground
    5. land, soil
    6. total extent of land; territory, country
    7. property in land
    8. spot of ground
    9. land under water; (of sea) bottom
    10. solid base (for discussion, understanding)

Declension[edit]

Feminine declension:

Masculine declension:

  • Alternative plural: taltaí (Cois Fharraige)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
talamh thalamh dtalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "talamh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • talam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Noun[edit]

talamh m, f (genitive singular talmhainn, plural talamhan or talmhainnean)

  1. (masculine only) Earth (planet)
  2. earth, soil, ground
  3. land, country, territory

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • talam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.