talamh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

talamh f, m (feminine genitive talún, masculine genitive talaimh, plural tailte)

  1. earth, ground, land
    1. the earth
    2. surface of the earth
    3. dry land
    4. surface of ground
    5. land, soil
    6. total extent of land; territory, country
    7. property in land
    8. spot of ground
    9. land under water; (of sea) bottom
    10. solid base (for discussion, understanding)

Declension[edit]

Feminine declension
Masculine declension

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
talamh thalamh dtalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "talamh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • talam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “talamh” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “talamh” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Noun[edit]

talamh m, f (genitive singular talmhainn, plural talamhan or talmhainnean)

  1. (masculine only) Earth (planet)
    Synonyms: cruinne-cè
  2. earth, soil, ground
    Synonyms: ùir
  3. land, country, territory
    Synonyms: tìr

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
talamh thalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • talam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.