talamh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥h₂-mon-, root *telh₂- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

talamh f or m (feminine genitive talún, masculine genitive talaimh, plural tailte)

  1. earth, ground, land
  2. earth
  3. dry land
  4. land, soil
  5. solid base (for discussion, understanding)

Declension[edit]

Feminine declension
Masculine declension

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
talamh thalamh dtalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 127, Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 13

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish talam, from Proto-Celtic *talamū, from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥-mon-, root *tel- (compare Latin tellus (earth)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

talamh m or f (genitive singular talmhainn, plural talamhan or talmhainnean)

  1. (masculine only) Earth (planet)
    Synonym: cruinne-cè
  2. earth, soil, ground
    Synonym: ùir
  3. land, country, territory
    Synonym: tìr

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
talamh thalamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “talamh”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “talam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language