ер

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See also: ЕР, эр, Ер, ёр, -ёр, , ep, EP, and èp

Bashkir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *yẹr (earth; land).

Cognate with Tatar җир (cir), Kazakh жер (jer), Kyrgyz жер (jer), Southern Altai јер (ǰer), Uzbek yer, Turkish yer (land; earth), etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jɪ̞r]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ер (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

ер (yer)

  1. earth
    Көнө етер, ергә яңы пәйғәмбәр килер.
    Könö yeter, yergä yaŋı päyğämbär kiler.
    The day will come, (when) a new prophet will come to the earth.
  2. land
    Сит ер.
    Sit yer.
    A foreign land
  3. land; real estate or landed property
    Ауылда биш сутый ере бар.
    Awılda biş sutıy yere bar.
    (S)he has 5 ares of land in the village.
  4. ground; soil
    Ҡыш ҡарһыҙ булғанға ер туң, һыу ергә һеңә алмай, шуға йылғалар таша.
    Qış qarhıð bulğanğa yer tuŋ, hıw yergä heŋä almay, şuğa yılğalar taşa.
    Because the winter has been without snow, soil is frozen, water cannot get absorbed into soil, this is why rivers flood.
  5. locality, place
    Тыуған ер.
    Tıwğan yer.
    Birthplace
    Үләкһә бар ерҙә эт һимерә. (Aqmulla)
    Üläkhä bar yerðä et himerä.
    In a place where there is carrion, the dog will get fat.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic ер (er)
Arabic ەر
Latin

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ẹ̆dŋe-r (saddle).

Noun[edit]

ер (er)

  1. saddle

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ēr (man).

Noun[edit]

ер (er)

  1. man
  2. hero
  3. husband
Declension[edit]

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *yẹr.

Noun[edit]

ер (yer)

  1. earth
    1. Earth
  2. ground
  3. territory
  4. place
  5. space
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ẹ̆dŋe-r.

Noun[edit]

ер (yer)

  1. saddle
Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ер in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ер (erm

  1. yer (Slavic languages)

Declension[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

MongolianCyrillic
ᠶᠡᠷᠡ
(yere)
ер
(yör)
Mongolian numbers (edit)
 ←  80 90 100  → 
9
    Cardinal: ер (yör)
    Attributive: ерэн (yören)
    Ordinal: ердүгээр (yördügeer), ер дэх (yör deh)
    Adverbial: ерэнтээ (yörentee)
    Approximative: ерээд (yöreed)
    Collective: ерүүл (yörüül)
    Maximative: ерээр (yöreer)

From Proto-Mongolic *yeren, compare Mongghul yerin, yiran.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ер (yör)

  1. ninety
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

MongolianCyrillic
ᠶᠡᠷᠦ
(yerü)
ер
(yör)

Attested since the Yuan period Middle Mongolian, limited to the central languages.

Compare Buryat юрэ (jure), Kalmyk йир (yir).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ер (yör)

  1. common, usual

Adverb[edit]

ер (yör)

  1. (with negatives) at all
    Synonym: огт (ogt)

Derived terms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic ѥръ (jerŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ер (jerm inan (genitive е́ра, nominative plural е́ры or еры́, genitive plural е́ров or еро́в)

  1. (obsolete) letter "ъ", now called твёрдый знак (tvjórdyj znak)

Declension[edit]