เมือง

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *mɯəŋᴬ (township). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨾᩮᩥᩬᨦ, Lao ເມືອງ (mư̄ang), ᦵᦙᦲᧂ (moeng), Tai Dam ꪹꪣꪉ, Shan မိူင်း (móeng), Tai Nüa ᥛᥫᥒᥰ (moeng2), Ahom 𑜉𑜢𑜤𑜂𑜫 (mueng), Zhuang mwngh. Compare loanwords in neighbouring languages: Khmer មឿង (mɨəng), Vietnamese Mường, Chinese (měng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicเมือง
e m ụ̄ ɒ ŋ
RomanizationPaiboonmʉʉang
Royal Institutemueang
(standard) IPA(key)/mɯa̯ŋ˧/

Noun[edit]

เมือง (mʉʉang) (classifier เมือง or แห่ง)

  1. (archaic) city-state.
  2. (archaic) fortified polity.
  3. any polity, as district, town, city, state, nation, etc.
  4. region, sphere, or domain within which someone or something occurs, prevails, or dominates.
  5. urban area.
  6. civilised polity.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

เมือง (mʉʉang)

  1. (informal, formerly derogatory) Northern Thailand.

Usage notes[edit]

  • First attested in a report dated 2427 BE (1884/85 CE) submitted to the Siamese government by Prince Bijitprijakara following the annexation of Lan Na, which now forms Northern Thailand.
  • Formerly used by the Siamese officials to derogatorily refer to the annexed Lan Na and its local people.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • เนื้ออ่อน ขรัวทองเขียว. (2016). เปิดแผนยึดล้านนา. Bangkok: มติชน. →ISBN. page 151.