ցամաք

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ցամաք(cʿamakʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք ‎(cʿamakʿ) ‎(superlative ամենացամաք)

  1. dry
  2. (figuratively) lifeless

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք ‎(cʿamakʿ)

  1. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    ցամաքով գնալ‎ ― cʿamakʿov gnal ― to go by land

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցամաք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 448

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Martirosyan, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm(earth) via Pre-Armenian *dʰǵʰm̥m-eh₂-k-eh₂-.

Martirosyan does not accept the proposals which link the word with Sanskrit क्षाम(kṣāmá, scorched, singed), because they usually reconstruct initial Proto-Indo-European *ks-, which in Armenian probably yields չ-(čʿ-) (compare չոր(čʿor)).

Ačaṙyan rejects the Indo-European origin of the word altogether and considers ցամաք(cʿamakʿ) a Semitic borrowing, comparing Hebrew צמק(ṣmq, to dry, shrivel), Arabic صامق(ṣāmiq, thirsty; hungry), but this is considered less probable by Martirosyan.

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք ‎(cʿamakʿ)

  1. dry, arid
    ցամաք կղզի‎ ― cʿamakʿ kłzi ― peninsula
    ցամաք երկիր‎ ― cʿamakʿ erkir ― dry land
    հաց ցամաք‎ ― hacʿ cʿamakʿ ― dry bread
    ցամաք փայտ‎ ― cʿamakʿ pʿayt ― dry wood
    ցամաք աչօք‎ ― cʿamakʿ ačʿōkʿ ― with tearless or dry eyes

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք ‎(cʿamakʿ)

  1. dryness
    զցամաք ծարաւոյն շիջուցանել‎ ― zcʿamakʿ carawoyn šiǰucʿanel ― to quench or allay thirst
  2. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    յածիլ ընդ ծով եւ ընդ ցամաք‎ ― yacil ənd cov ew ənd cʿamakʿ ― to scour sea and land
    անցանել ընդ ցամաք‎ ― ancʿanel ənd cʿamakʿ ― to pass dry-footed, dry-shod
    ելանել/իջանել ի ցամաք‎ ― elanel/iǰanel i cʿamakʿ ― to land, to go ashore or on shore
    հասանել ի ցամաք‎ ― hasanel i cʿamakʿ ― to reach the shore
    ցամաք երթալ, անցանել‎ ― cʿamakʿ ertʿal, ancʿanel ― to travel by land

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]