ցամաք

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ցամաք (cʿamakʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ) (superlative ամենացամաք)

  1. dry
  2. (figuratively) lifeless

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ)

  1. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    ցամաքով գնալcʿamakʿov gnalto go by land

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Martirosyan, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) via Pre-Armenian *dʰǵʰm̥m-eh₂-k-eh₂-.

Martirosyan does not accept the proposals which link the word with Sanskrit क्षाम (kṣāmá, scorched, singed), because they usually reconstruct initial Proto-Indo-European *ks-, which in Armenian probably yields չ- (čʿ-) (compare չոր (čʿor)).

Ačaṙyan rejects the Indo-European origin of the word altogether and considers ցամաք (cʿamakʿ) a Semitic borrowing, comparing Hebrew צמק (ṣmq, to dry, shrivel), Arabic صامق (ṣāmiq, thirsty; hungry), but this is considered less probable by Martirosyan.

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ)

  1. dry, arid
    ցամաք կղզիcʿamakʿ kłzipeninsula
    ցամաք երկիրcʿamakʿ erkirdry land
    հաց ցամաքhacʿ cʿamakʿdry bread
    ցամաք փայտcʿamakʿ pʿaytdry wood
    ցամաք աչօքcʿamakʿ ačʿōkʿwith tearless or dry eyes

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ)

  1. dryness
    զցամաք ծարաւոյն շիջուցանելzcʿamakʿ carawoyn šiǰucʿanelto quench or allay thirst
  2. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    յածիլ ընդ ծով եւ ընդ ցամաքyacil ənd cov ew ənd cʿamakʿto scour sea and land
    անցանել ընդ ցամաքancʿanel ənd cʿamakʿto pass dry-footed, dry-shod
    ելանել/իջանել ի ցամաքelanel/iǰanel i cʿamakʿto land, to go ashore or on shore
    հասանել ի ցամաքhasanel i cʿamakʿto reach the shore
    ցամաք երթալ, անցանելcʿamakʿ ertʿal, ancʿanelto travel by land

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ցամաք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ցամաք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 499
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցամաք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 448
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “k̂sā-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 624
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 71
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “ցամաք”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 741ab
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “c‘amak‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 621–623