भूमि

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See also: भीम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भूमि (bhūmi).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /bʱuː.miː/

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground
    Synonym: ज़मीन (zamīn)
  2. region
  3. nation, country
    Synonyms: देश (deś), राष्ट्र (rāṣṭra)
  4. place
    Synonyms: जगह (jagah), स्थान (sthān)
  5. situation
    Synonym: स्थिति (sthiti)
  6. the Earth
    Synonyms: पृथ्वी (pŕthvī), दुनिया (duniyā)
  7. (Hinduism) Bhumi, goddess of the Earth

Declension[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhūmi

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰúHmiṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰúHmiš (earth), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be). Cognate to Avestan 𐬠𐬏𐬨𐬌(būmi), Old Persian 𐏏 (BU /būmiš/) (whence Persian بوم(bum)). The Sanskrit root is भू (bhū).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhū́mif

  1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.17.2
      तव त्विषो जनिमन्रेजत द्यौ रेजद्भूमिर्भियसा स्वस्य मन्योः।
      ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः॥
      tava tviṣo janimanrejata dyau rejadbhūmirbhiyasā svasya manyoḥ.
      ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdandhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ.
      Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
      The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
  2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय (bhūmi-traya)
  3. territory, country, district
  4. place, situation
  5. position, posture, attitude
  6. part, personification (played by an actor)
  7. floor of a house, story
  8. area
  9. the base of any geometrical figure
  10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
  11. extent, limit
  12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
    विश्वासभूमि (vi-śvāsa-bhūmi)"ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
    स्नेहभूमि (sneha-bhūmi)"oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
  13. tongue

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of भूमि (bhū́mi)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भूमिः
bhū́miḥ
भूमी
bhū́mī
भूमयः
bhū́mayaḥ
Vocative भूमे
bhū́me
भूमी
bhū́mī
भूमयः
bhū́mayaḥ
Accusative भूमिम्
bhū́mim
भूमी
bhū́mī
भूमीः
bhū́mīḥ
Instrumental भूम्या
bhū́myā
भूमिभ्याम्
bhū́mibhyām
भूमिभिः
bhū́mibhiḥ
Dative भूमये / भूम्ये¹ / भूम्यै²
bhū́maye / bhū́mye¹ / bhū́myai²
भूमिभ्याम्
bhū́mibhyām
भूमिभ्यः
bhū́mibhyaḥ
Ablative भूमेः / भूम्याः²
bhū́meḥ / bhū́myāḥ²
भूमिभ्याम्
bhū́mibhyām
भूमिभ्यः
bhū́mibhyaḥ
Genitive भूमेः / भूम्याः²
bhū́meḥ / bhū́myāḥ²
भूम्योः
bhū́myoḥ
भूमीनाम्
bhū́mīnām
Locative भूमौ / भूम्याम्²
bhū́mau / bhū́myām²
भूम्योः
bhū́myoḥ
भूमिषु
bhū́miṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]