भूमि

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See also: भीम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit भूमि(bhūmi).

Noun[edit]

भूमि ‎(bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground
  2. region
  3. nation, country
  4. place, situation
  5. the Earth
  6. (Hinduism) Bhumi, goddess of the Earth

Synonyms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhūmi

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From भू(bhū)

Noun[edit]

भूमि ‎(bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
    • RV 4.17.2b
      तव तविषो जनिमन्रेजत दयौ रेजद भूमिर्भियसा सवस्य मन्योः |
      ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः ||
      tava tviṣo janiman rejata dyau rejad bhūmir bhiyasā svasya manyoḥ |
      ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdan dhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ ||
      Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
      The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
  2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय(bhūmi-traya)
  3. territory, country, district
  4. place, situation
  5. position, posture, attitude
  6. part, personification (played by an actor)
  7. floor of a house, story
  8. area
  9. the base of any geometrical figure
  10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
  11. extent, limit
  12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
    विश्वासभूमि(vi-śvāsa-bhūmi)"ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
    स्नेहभूमि(sneha-bhūmi)"oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
  13. tongue

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of भूमि
Nom. sg. भूमिः(bhūmiḥ)
Gen. sg. भूम्याः / भूमेः(bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भूमिः(bhūmiḥ) भूमी(bhūmī) भूमयः(bhūmayaḥ)
Vocative भूमे(bhūme) भूमी(bhūmī) भूमयः(bhūmayaḥ)
Accusative भूमिम्(bhūmim) भूमी(bhūmī) भूमीः(bhūmīḥ)
Instrumental भूम्या(bhūmyā) भूमिभ्याम्(bhūmibhyām) भूमिभिः(bhūmibhiḥ)
Dative भूम्यै / भूमये(bhūmyai / bhūmaye) भूमिभ्याम्(bhūmibhyām) भूमिभ्यः(bhūmibhyaḥ)
Ablative भूम्याः / भूमेः(bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ) भूमिभ्याम्(bhūmibhyām) भूमिभ्यः(bhūmibhyaḥ)
Genitive भूम्याः / भूमेः(bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ) भूम्योः(bhūmyoḥ) भूमीनाम्(bhūmīnām)
Locative भूम्याम् / भूमौ(bhūmyām / bhūmau) भूम्योः(bhūmyoḥ) भूमिषु(bhūmiṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0763