भूमि

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: भीम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भूमि (bhūmi).

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground
  2. region
  3. nation, country
  4. place, situation
  5. the Earth
  6. (Hinduism) Bhumi, goddess of the Earth

Synonyms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhūmi

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰúHmiṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰúHmiš (earth), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be). Cognate to Avestan 𐬠𐬏𐬨𐬌 (būmi), Old Persian 𐏏 (BU /būmiš/) (whence Persian بوم (bum)). The Sanskrit root is भू (bhū).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /bʱúː.mi/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈbʱuː.mi/
  • Noun[edit]

    भूमि (bhū́mif

    1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.17.2
        तव तविषो जनिमन्रेजत दयौ रेजद भूमिर्भियसा सवस्य मन्योः ।
        ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः ॥
        tava taviṣo janimanrejata dayau rejada bhūmirbhiyasā savasya manyoḥ .
        ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdandhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ .
        Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
        The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
    2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय (bhūmi-traya)
    3. territory, country, district
    4. place, situation
    5. position, posture, attitude
    6. part, personification (played by an actor)
    7. floor of a house, story
    8. area
    9. the base of any geometrical figure
    10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
    11. extent, limit
    12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
      विश्वासभूमि (vi-śvāsa-bhūmi)"ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
      स्नेहभूमि (sneha-bhūmi)"oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
    13. tongue

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine i-stem declension of भूमि (bhū́mi)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative भूमिः
    bhū́miḥ
    भूमी
    bhū́mī
    भूमयः
    bhū́mayaḥ
    Vocative भूमे
    bhū́me
    भूमी
    bhū́mī
    भूमयः
    bhū́mayaḥ
    Accusative भूमिम्
    bhū́mim
    भूमी
    bhū́mī
    भूमीः
    bhū́mīḥ
    Instrumental भूम्या
    bhū́myā
    भूमिभ्याम्
    bhū́mibhyām
    भूमिभिः
    bhū́mibhiḥ
    Dative भूमये / भूम्ये¹ / भूम्यै²
    bhū́maye / bhū́mye¹ / bhū́myai²
    भूमिभ्याम्
    bhū́mibhyām
    भूमिभ्यः
    bhū́mibhyaḥ
    Ablative भूमेः / भूम्याः²
    bhū́meḥ / bhū́myāḥ²
    भूमिभ्याम्
    bhū́mibhyām
    भूमिभ्यः
    bhū́mibhyaḥ
    Genitive भूमेः / भूम्याः²
    bhū́meḥ / bhū́myāḥ²
    भूम्योः
    bhū́myoḥ
    भूमीनाम्
    bhū́mīnām
    Locative भूमौ / भूम्याम्²
    bhū́mau / bhū́myām²
    भूम्योः
    bhū́myoḥ
    भूमिषु
    bhū́miṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Less common
    • ²Later Sanskrit

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0763