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भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
    • RV 4.17.2b
      तव तविषो जनिमन्रेजत दयौ रेजद भूमिर्भियसा सवस्य मन्योः |
      ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः ||
      tava tviṣo janiman rejata dyau rejad bhūmir bhiyasā svasya manyoḥ |
      ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdan dhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ ||
      Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
      The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
  2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय (bhūmi-traya)
  3. territory, country, district
  4. place, situation
  5. position, posture, attitude
  6. part, personification (played by an actor)
  7. floor of a house, story
  8. area
  9. the base of any geometrical figure
  10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
  11. extent, limit
  12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
    विश्वासभूमि (vi-śvāsa-bhūmi) — "ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
    स्नेहभूमि (sneha-bhūmi) — "oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
  13. tongue




  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0763