भूमि

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See also: भीम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit भूमि (bhūmi).

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground
  2. region
  3. nation, country
  4. place, situation
  5. the Earth
  6. (Hinduism) Bhumi, goddess of the Earth

Synonyms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhūmi

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From भू (bhū)

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
    • RV 4.17.2b
      तव तविषो जनिमन्रेजत दयौ रेजद भूमिर्भियसा सवस्य मन्योः |
      ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः ||
      tava tviṣo janiman rejata dyau rejad bhūmir bhiyasā svasya manyoḥ |
      ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdan dhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ ||
      Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
      The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
  2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय (bhūmi-traya)
  3. territory, country, district
  4. place, situation
  5. position, posture, attitude
  6. part, personification (played by an actor)
  7. floor of a house, story
  8. area
  9. the base of any geometrical figure
  10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
  11. extent, limit
  12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
    विश्वासभूमि (vi-śvāsa-bhūmi)"ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
    स्नेहभूमि (sneha-bhūmi)"oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
  13. tongue

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of भूमि
Nom. sg. भूमिः (bhūmiḥ)
Gen. sg. भूम्याः / भूमेः (bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भूमिः (bhūmiḥ) भूमी (bhūmī) भूमयः (bhūmayaḥ)
Vocative भूमे (bhūme) भूमी (bhūmī) भूमयः (bhūmayaḥ)
Accusative भूमिम् (bhūmim) भूमी (bhūmī) भूमीः (bhūmīḥ)
Instrumental भूम्या (bhūmyā) भूमिभ्याम् (bhūmibhyām) भूमिभिः (bhūmibhiḥ)
Dative भूम्यै / भूमये (bhūmyai / bhūmaye) भूमिभ्याम् (bhūmibhyām) भूमिभ्यः (bhūmibhyaḥ)
Ablative भूम्याः / भूमेः (bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ) भूमिभ्याम् (bhūmibhyām) भूमिभ्यः (bhūmibhyaḥ)
Genitive भूम्याः / भूमेः (bhūmyāḥ / bhūmeḥ) भूम्योः (bhūmyoḥ) भूमीनाम् (bhūmīnām)
Locative भूम्याम् / भूमौ (bhūmyām / bhūmau) भूम्योः (bhūmyoḥ) भूमिषु (bhūmiṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0763