भूमि

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See also: भीम

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भूमि (bhūmi).

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhūmif

  1. earth, soil, ground
  2. region
  3. nation, country
  4. place, situation
  5. the Earth
  6. (Hinduism) Bhumi, goddess of the Earth

Synonyms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhūmi

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰúHmiš (earth), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be). Cognate to Avestan 𐬠𐬏𐬨𐬌 (būmi), Old Persian 𐏏 (būmiš) (whence Persian بوم (bum)). The Sanskrit root is भू (bhū).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भूमि (bhū́mif

  1. earth, soil, ground; Earth personified as Bhumi
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.17.2
      तव तविषो जनिमन्रेजत दयौ रेजद भूमिर्भियसा सवस्य मन्योः ।
      ऋघायन्त सुभ्वः पर्वतास आर्दन्धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः ॥
      tava taviṣo janimanrejata dayau rejada bhūmirbhiyasā savasya manyoḥ .
      ṛghāyanta subhvaḥ parvatāsa ārdandhanvāni sarayanta āpaḥ .
      Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence; Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure.
      The stedfast mountains shook in agitation, the waters flowed, and desert spots were flooded.
  2. (in the plural) divisions of the world; compare भूमित्रय (bhūmi-traya)
  3. territory, country, district
  4. place, situation
  5. position, posture, attitude
  6. part, personification (played by an actor)
  7. floor of a house, story
  8. area
  9. the base of any geometrical figure
  10. (figuratively) a step, degree, stage (with Buddhists there are 10 or 13 stages of existence or perfection); Bhumi
  11. extent, limit
  12. (at the end of a compound) matter, subject, object, receptacle i.e. fit object or person for
    विश्वासभूमि (vi-śvāsa-bhūmi)"ground for confidence", i.e. a trustworthy person
    स्नेहभूमि (sneha-bhūmi)"oil-source", any substance yielding oil or grease
  13. tongue

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0763