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Borrowing from Sanskrit स्थान (sthāna). Compare with Avestan 𐬯𐬙𐬁𐬥𐬀 (stāna-) and Persian ستان (-estân).


स्थान (sthānm (Urdu spelling ستھان)

  1. place, site, location
    उसका उपहार गुप्त स्थान में है।
    uskā uphār gupt sthān mẽ hai.
    His gift is at a secret location.
  2. room
    यहाँ तुम्हारे लिए स्थान नहीं है।
    yahā̃ tumhāre lie sthān nahī̃ hai.
    There is no room for you here.



  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “स्थान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “स्थान”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.



From the verbal root तिष्ठति (√sthā, to stay, stand).


स्थान (sthā́nan

  1. the act of standing, standing firmly, being fixed or stationary
  2. position or posture of the body (in shooting etc.)
  3. staying, abiding, being in or on (in locative or compound)
  4. storing-place or storage (of goods)
  5. firm bearing (of troops), sustaining a charge (as opposed to युद्ध (yuddha, charging))
  6. state, condition (at the end of compound = "being in the state of")
  7. continued existence, continuance in the same state (i.e. in a kind of neutral state unmarked by loss or gain), continuing as or as long as (with instrumental)
  8. a state of perfect tranquility
  9. station, rank, office, appointment, dignity, degree
  10. place of standing or staying, any place, spot, locality, abode, dwelling, house, site
    स्थाने स्थाने (sthāne sthāne) or स्थाने स्थानेषु (sthāne sthāneṣu) — in different places; here and there
    यानि सथानान्यश्विना दधाथे दिवो यह्वीष्वोषधीषु विक्षु |
    नि पर्वतस्य मूर्धनि सदन्तेषं जनाय दाशुषेवहन्ता ||
    चनिष्टं देवा ओषधीष्वप्सु यद योग्या अश्नवैथे रषीणाम |
    yāni sthānānyaśvinā dadhāthe divo yahvīṣvoṣadhīṣu vikṣu |
    ni parvatasya mūrdhani sadanteṣaṃ janāya dāśuṣevahantā ||
    caniṣṭaṃ devā oṣadhīṣvapsu yad yoghyā aśnavaithe ṛṣīṇām |
    Whatever dwellings ye possess, O Aśvins, in fields of men or in the streams of heaven,
    Resting upon the summit of the mountain, or bringing food to him who gives oblation,
    Delight yourselves, ye Gods, in plants and waters when Ṛṣis give them and ye find they suit You.
  11. place or room, stead
    स्थाने (sthā́ne) (with genitive or at the end of compound) — in place of, instead of, in lieu of
    रिपुस्थानेवर्तते (ripu-sthāne-√vṛt) — to act in the place of an enemy
    विलोचनस्थ्āनगत (vilocana-sthāna-gata) — acting the part of eyes
  12. (at the end of a compound) "taking the place of", "acting as", "representing" or "represented by"
    पितृस्थान (pitṛ́-sthāna)acting as a father; represented by a father
    इयङुवङ्स्थान (iyaṅ-uvaṅ-sthāna) — represented by 'iy' or 'uv'' (as ī and ū, Pāṇini 1-4, 4)
  13. in Pāṇini's grammar the genitive case is often used alone, when the word sthāne has to be supplied:
    हन्तेर् जः (hanter jaḥ) (ja) is to be substituted in place of हन् (han)
  14. place for, receptacle of (+ genitive)
  15. proper or right place
    स्थाने (sthā́ne)in the right place or at the right time, seasonably, justly
  16. province, region, domain, sphere (of gods or virtuous men; said to be in one of three places, namely "earth" or "atmosphere" or "heaven"; according to some that of virtuous Brahmins is called प्राजापत्य (prājāpatya); of Kshatriyas, ऐन्द्र (aindra); of Vaishyas, मारुत (māruta); of Shudras, गान्धर्व (gāndharva))
  17. the main support or strength or chief constituent of a kingdom (said to be four, namely "army", "treasury", "city", "territory")
  18. a stronghold, fortress
  19. the place or organ of utterance of any sound (said to be 8 in number, namely कण्ठ (kaṇṭha, throat); तालु (tālu, palate); मूर्धन् (mūrdhan, top of palate); दन्त (danta, teeth); ओष्ठ (oṣṭha, lips); कण्ठतालु (kaṇṭha-tālu, throat and palate); कण्ठोष्ठ (kaṇṭh-oṣṭha, throat and lips); दन्तोष्ठ (dant-oṣṭha, teeth and lips); to which are added नासिका (nāsikā, nose), said to be the place of utterance of true anusvāra, and उरस् (uras, chest), of visarga)
  20. any organ of sense (e.g. the eye)
  21. the pitch or key of the voice, note, tone (of which according to Rigveda-Pratishakhya there are three (see मन्द्र (mandra)), or according to Taittirīya-Pratishakya, seven)
    वीना च्युता स्थानात् (vīnā cyutā sthānāt) — a lute out of tune
  22. shape, form, appearance (as of the moon)
  23. the part or character of an actor
  24. case, occurrence
    नेदं स्थानं विद्यते (ne-daṃ sthānaṃ vidyate) — this case does not occur
  25. occasion, opportunity for (genitive or compound)
    स्थाने (sthāne)occasionally
  26. cause or object of (genitive or compound)
    शुल्कस्थान (śulka-sthāna)an object of toll
    पूजास्थान (pūjā-sthāna), मान्यस्थान (mānya-sthāna)an object of honour; also applied to persons
    स्थाने (sthāne)because of, on account of
  27. a section or division (e.g. of medicine)
  28. (astrology) a mansion or its subdivision
  29. = कार्योत्सर्ग (kāryo-tsarga)
  30. an open place in a town, plain, square
  31. a holy place
  32. an altar
  33. name of a Gandharva king


Neuter a-stem declension of स्थान
Nom. sg. स्थानम् (sthānam)
Gen. sg. स्थानस्य (sthānasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative स्थानम् (sthānam) स्थाने (sthāne) स्थानानि (sthānāni)
Vocative स्थान (sthāna) स्थाने (sthāne) स्थानानि (sthānāni)
Accusative स्थानम् (sthānam) स्थाने (sthāne) स्थानानि (sthānāni)
Instrumental स्थानेन (sthānena) स्थानाभ्याम् (sthānābhyām) स्थानैः (sthānaiḥ)
Dative स्थाना (sthānā) स्थानाभ्याम् (sthānābhyām) स्थानेभ्यः (sthānebhyaḥ)
Ablative स्थानात् (sthānāt) स्थानाभ्याम् (sthānābhyām) स्थानेभ्यः (sthānebhyaḥ)
Genitive स्थानस्य (sthānasya) स्थानयोः (sthānayoḥ) स्थानानाम् (sthānānām)
Locative स्थाने (sthāne) स्थानयोः (sthānayoḥ) स्थानेषु (sthāneṣu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1263