स्थान

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit स्थान (sthā́na). Cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬙𐬁𐬥𐬀 (stāna), Persian ستان (-estân, place).

Doublet of थाना (thānā), a tadbhava.

Noun[edit]

स्थान (sthānm (Urdu spelling ستھان)

  1. place, site, location
    उसका उपहार गुप्त स्थान में है।
    uskā uphār gupt sthān mẽ hai.
    His gift is at a secret location.
  2. room
    यहाँ तुम्हारे लिए स्थान नहीं है।
    yahā̃ tumhāre lie sthān nahī̃ hai.
    There is no room for you here.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “स्थान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “स्थान”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit स्थान (sthā́na).

Noun[edit]

स्थान (sthānn

  1. place, position, location
    Synonym: जागा (j̈āgā)
  2. status

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “स्थान”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “स्थान”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *stʰáHnam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stʰáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂-no-m, from *steh₂- (to stand). Cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬙𐬁𐬥𐬀 (stāna), Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n /stāna/), Persian ستان (-estân, place).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪t̪ʰɑ́ː.n̪ɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪t̪ʰɑː.n̪ɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    स्थान (sthā́nan

    1. the act of standing, standing firmly, being fixed or stationary
    2. position or posture of the body (in shooting etc.)
    3. staying, abiding, being in or on (in locative or compound)
    4. storing-place or storage (of goods)
    5. firm bearing (of troops), sustaining a charge (as opposed to युद्ध (yuddha, charging))
    6. state, condition (at the end of compound = "being in the state of")
    7. continued existence, continuance in the same state (i.e. in a kind of neutral state unmarked by loss or gain), continuing as or as long as (with instrumental)
    8. a state of perfect tranquility
    9. station, rank, office, appointment, dignity, degree
    10. place of standing or staying, any place, spot, locality, abode, dwelling, house, site
      स्थाने स्थाने (sthāne sthāne) or स्थाने स्थानेषु (sthāne sthāneṣu) — in different places; here and there
      यानि सथानान्यश्विना दधाथे दिवो यह्वीष्वोषधीषु विक्षु |
      नि पर्वतस्य मूर्धनि सदन्तेषं जनाय दाशुषेवहन्ता ||
      चनिष्टं देवा ओषधीष्वप्सु यद योग्या अश्नवैथे रषीणाम |
      yāni sthānānyaśvinā dadhāthe divo yahvīṣvoṣadhīṣu vikṣu |
      ni parvatasya mūrdhani sadanteṣaṃ janāya dāśuṣevahantā ||
      caniṣṭaṃ devā oṣadhīṣvapsu yad yoghyā aśnavaithe ṛṣīṇām |
      Whatever dwellings ye possess, O Aśvins, in fields of men or in the streams of heaven,
      Resting upon the summit of the mountain, or bringing food to him who gives oblation,
      Delight yourselves, ye Gods, in plants and waters when Ṛṣis give them and ye find they suit You.
    11. place or room, stead
      स्थाने (sthā́ne) (with genitive or at the end of compound) — in place of, instead of, in lieu of
      रिपुस्थानेवर्तते (ripu-sthāne-√vṛt) — to act in the place of an enemy
      विलोचनस्थ्āनगत (vilocana-sthāna-gata) — acting the part of eyes
    12. (at the end of a compound) "taking the place of", "acting as", "representing" or "represented by"
      पितृस्थान (pitṛ́-sthāna)acting as a father; represented by a father
      इयङुवङ्स्थान (iyaṅ-uvaṅ-sthāna) — represented by 'iy' or 'uv'' (as ī and ū, Pāṇini 1-4, 4)
    13. in Pāṇini's grammar the genitive case is often used alone, when the word sthāne has to be supplied:
      हन्तेर् जः (hanter jaḥ) (ja) is to be substituted in place of हन् (han)
    14. place for, receptacle of (+ genitive)
    15. proper or right place
      स्थाने (sthā́ne)in the right place or at the right time, seasonably, justly
    16. province, region, domain, sphere (of gods or virtuous men; said to be in one of three places, namely "earth" or "atmosphere" or "heaven"; according to some that of virtuous Brahmins is called प्राजापत्य (prājāpatya); of Kshatriyas, ऐन्द्र (aindra); of Vaishyas, मारुत (māruta); of Shudras, गान्धर्व (gāndharva))
    17. the main support or strength or chief constituent of a kingdom (said to be four, namely "army", "treasury", "city", "territory")
    18. a stronghold, fortress
    19. the place or organ of utterance of any sound (said to be 8 in number, namely कण्ठ (kaṇṭha, throat); तालु (tālu, palate); मूर्धन् (mūrdhan, top of palate); दन्त (danta, teeth); ओष्ठ (oṣṭha, lips); कण्ठतालु (kaṇṭha-tālu, throat and palate); कण्ठोष्ठ (kaṇṭh-oṣṭha, throat and lips); दन्तोष्ठ (dant-oṣṭha, teeth and lips); to which are added नासिका (nāsikā, nose), said to be the place of utterance of true anusvāra, and उरस् (uras, chest), of visarga)
    20. any organ of sense (e.g. the eye)
    21. the pitch or key of the voice, note, tone (of which according to Rigveda-Pratishakhya there are three (see मन्द्र (mandra)), or according to Taittirīya-Pratishakya, seven)
      वीना च्युता स्थानात् (vīnā cyutā sthānāt) — a lute out of tune
    22. shape, form, appearance (as of the moon)
    23. the part or character of an actor
    24. case, occurrence
      नेदं स्थानं विद्यते (ne-daṃ sthānaṃ vidyate) — this case does not occur
    25. occasion, opportunity for (genitive or compound)
      स्थाने (sthāne)occasionally
    26. cause or object of (genitive or compound)
      शुल्कस्थान (śulka-sthāna)an object of toll
      पूजास्थान (pūjā-sthāna), मान्यस्थान (mānya-sthāna)an object of honour; also applied to persons
      स्थाने (sthāne)because of, on account of
    27. a section or division (e.g. of medicine)
    28. (astrology) a mansion or its subdivision
    29. = कार्योत्सर्ग (kāryo-tsarga)
    30. an open place in a town, plain, square
    31. a holy place
    32. an altar
    33. name of a Gandharva king

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of स्थान (sthā́na)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative स्थानम्
    sthā́nam
    स्थाने
    sthā́ne
    स्थानानि / स्थाना¹
    sthā́nāni / sthā́nā¹
    Vocative स्थान
    sthā́na
    स्थाने
    sthā́ne
    स्थानानि / स्थाना¹
    sthā́nāni / sthā́nā¹
    Accusative स्थानम्
    sthā́nam
    स्थाने
    sthā́ne
    स्थानानि / स्थाना¹
    sthā́nāni / sthā́nā¹
    Instrumental स्थानेन
    sthā́nena
    स्थानाभ्याम्
    sthā́nābhyām
    स्थानैः / स्थानेभिः¹
    sthā́naiḥ / sthā́nebhiḥ¹
    Dative स्थानाय
    sthā́nāya
    स्थानाभ्याम्
    sthā́nābhyām
    स्थानेभ्यः
    sthā́nebhyaḥ
    Ablative स्थानात्
    sthā́nāt
    स्थानाभ्याम्
    sthā́nābhyām
    स्थानेभ्यः
    sthā́nebhyaḥ
    Genitive स्थानस्य
    sthā́nasya
    स्थानयोः
    sthā́nayoḥ
    स्थानानाम्
    sthā́nānām
    Locative स्थाने
    sthā́ne
    स्थानयोः
    sthā́nayoḥ
    स्थानेषु
    sthā́neṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1263