जगह

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianجایگاه(jāygāh), ⁧جاگه(jāgah), from ⁧جا(), ⁧جای(jāy, place) + ⁧گاه(-gāh, location suffix). Cognate with Assamese জেগা (zega), Bengali জায়গা (jaẏga), Gujarati જગ્યા (jagyā), Marathi जागा (jāgā), Nepali जग्गा (jaggā), Old Deccaniجاگاہ(jāgāh), Odia ଜାଗା (jaga), Punjabi ਜਗ੍ਹਾ (jaghā).

The shortening of the vowels may be due to influence from जगत् (jagat, world).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d͡ʒə.ɡɑː/, [d͡ʒɐ.ɡäː], /d͡ʒə.ɡəɦ/, [d͡ʒɐ.ɡɛʱ]

Noun[edit]

जगह (jagahf (Urdu spellingجگہ⁩)

  1. place, site
    Synonym: स्थान (sthān)
    हम कौनसी जगह आ गये?ham kaunsī jagah ā gaye?Where have we come? (literally, “What place have we come to?”)
  2. space, room, space
    मेट्रो में कभी बैठने की जगह नहीं मिलती।
    meṭro mẽ kabhī baiṭhne kī jagah nahī̃ miltī.
    One can never find a space to sit in the metro.
    जगह छोड़नाjagah choṛnāto leave room
  3. vacancy (e.g. for a job)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burton-Page, J (1960), “The Etymology of Hindi 'Jagah': A Problem in Diffusion”, in Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute[1], volume 20, issue 1/4, pages 288–290