vīrs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: virs

Latvian[edit]

Vīrs un sieva

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wīˀras, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós “man” < “strong one”, from the stem *wey- (to go, move in a straight direction; to be strong) (cf. Latin vis (strength)). Cognates include Lithuanian výras, Old Prussian wijrs, wirs, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair), Old High German wer, Old Norse verr, Old Irish fer, Sanskrit वीर (vīrá), Avestan 𐬬𐬌𐬭𐬀 (vira), 𐬬𐬍𐬭𐬀 (vīra), Latin vir.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vīrs m (1st declension)

  1. husband (a married man, in reference to his wife)
    vīrs un sievahusband and wife
    gādīgs vīrsa caring husband
    saticīgs vīrsa husband who is easy to live with
    dzērājs vīrsa drunkard husband
    vīra māsahusband's sister (= sister-in-law)
    vīra radihusband's relatives (= in-laws)
    ņemt vīruto take a husband
    iziet pie vīrato go to (= take) a husband
    tāds veikls un smuks puisis, un krietns... laimīga tā meita, kas viņu reiz dabūs par vīrusuch a neat and handsome guy, and honest... happy (is) the woman who will get him as a husband
  2. man (male human being)
    pusmūža vīrsa middle-aged man
    stalts vīrsa stately man
    omulīgs vīrsa cheerful, jovial man
    lāga vīrsa good man, a good fellow
    spēka vīrsa man of strength (= strong man)
    goda vīrsa man of honor (= honorable man)
    īsts vīrsa real man
    vīru koris, vīriešu korismale, men's choir
  3. (in combination with a word describing an occupation) a man who works, deals with something
    sardzes vīrswatch (lit. defense, protection) man
    darba vīrsworkman, worker
    karavīrssoldier (lit. war-man)
    ugunsdzēsēju komandas vīrifire-brigade men (= firemen, firefighters)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The default term for “man” is vīrietis, which has restricted vīrs to the meaning of “husband,” but there are many expressions and situations in which vīrs can still be used to mean “man.”

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vīrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Samogitian[edit]

Samogitian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sgs
Jauns vīrs
A young man

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Compare to Standard Lithuanian vyras. Other Baltic cognates include Old Prussian wijrs and Latvian vīrs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīrs m (plural vīrā)

  1. man

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • vyras (Standard Lithuanian)