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vir (man”, “male human) +‎ -īlis (suffix forming adjectives from nouns)



virīlis (neuter virīle, comparative virīlior, superlative virīlissimus); third declension

  1. manly, mature, masculine
  2. mature


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative virīlis virīle virīlēs virīlia
genitive virīlis virīlium
dative virīlī virīlibus
accusative virīlem virīle virīlēs virīlia
ablative virīlī virīlibus
vocative virīlis virīle virīlēs virīlia


Derived terms[edit]



  • virilis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • virilis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “virilis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • virilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro virili parte (cf. sect. V. 22.)
    • the male, female sex: sexus (not genus) virilis, muliebris
    • manhood: aetas constans, media, firmata, corroborata (not virilis)
    • to assume the toga virilis: togam virilem (puram) sumere