vér

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See also: ver and Ver

Hungarian[edit]

vér

Etymology[edit]

From the same Proto-Finno-Ugric *were, whence also Finnish veri and Estonian veri.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈveːr/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vér

Noun[edit]

vér ‎(plural vérek)

  1. blood

Declension[edit]

Inflection (plural in -ek, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative vér vérek
accusative vért véreket
dative vérnek véreknek
instrumental vérrel vérekkel
causal-final vérért vérekért
translative vérré vérekké
terminative vérig vérekig
essive-formal vérként vérekként
essive-modal
inessive vérben vérekben
superessive véren véreken
adessive vérnél véreknél
illative vérbe vérekbe
sublative vérre vérekre
allative vérhez vérekhez
elative vérből vérekből
delative vérről vérekről
ablative vértől vérektől
Possessive forms of vér
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. vérem véreim
2nd person sing. véred véreid
3rd person sing. vére vérei
1st person plural vérünk véreink
2nd person plural véretek véreitek
3rd person plural vérük véreik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

(Expressions):


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vér, from Proto-Germanic *wīz, from Proto-Indo-European *wéy, plural of *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

vér

  1. (archaic) First person plural pronoun; we (singular ég, eg).
  2. (archaic, formal) A formal term of self-reference used by a royal person; we.
    Vér teljum þetta mál hið alvarlegasta. Kallið saman ríkisráðið undir eins.
    We deem this matter most grave. Assemble the privy council immediately.

Usage notes[edit]

This pronoun has mostly fallen out of use, but lingers in biblical language in the raw plural sense, and finds occasional use elsewhere. As a majestic self-reference, it was used in royal decrees, and may find modern use e.g. in literature dealing with persons who refer to themselves in such a way.

Declension[edit]

Icelandic honorific pronouns
plural first person second person
nominative vér þér
accusative oss yður
dative oss yður
genitive vor yðar

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wīz, from Proto-Indo-European *wéy, plural of *éǵh₂. Cognate with Old English ( > English we), Old Frisian ( > West Frisian wy), Old Saxon ( > Low German wi), Old Dutch ( > Dutch wij), Old High German wir ( > German wir), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐍃 ‎(weis).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vér

  1. First person plural pronoun; we (singular ek), (dual vit)

Descendants[edit]

  • Norwegian (nynorsk): vi
  • Swedish: vi (from Old Swedish vīr, )

References[edit]