sín

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Eastern Maninkakan[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Noun[edit]

sín

  1. breast

Alternative scripts[edit]

Verb[edit]

sín

  1. to face, be opposite

Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sín

  1. reflexive pronoun, genitive third-person of seg
Declension[edit]
Reflexive pronouns - Afturbent fornavn
Singular (eintal), Plural (fleirtal) 3. m, f, n
Nominative (hvørfall)
Accusative (hvønnfall) seg
Dative (hvørjumfall) sær
Genitive (hvørsfall) sín
References[edit]
  • Höskuldur Thráinsson, Hjalmar P. Petersen, Jógvan í Lon Jacobsen, Zakaris Svabo Hansen: Faroese : An Overview and Reference Grammar. Tórshavn: Føroya Fróðskaparfelag, 2004 (p. 119 f., 325 ff.)

Etymology 2[edit]

Old Norse sínn, from Proto-Germanic *sīnaz.

Pronoun[edit]

sín

  1. his, her, its, their; the third person possessive pronoun
Declension[edit]
Possessive pronoun - ognarfornavn
Singular (eintal) m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) sín sín sítt
Accusative (hvønnfall) sína
Dative (hvørjumfall) sínum síni / sínari sínum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (síns) (sínar) (síns)
Plural (fleirtal) m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) sínir sínar síni
Accusative (hvønnfall) sínar
Dative (hvørjumfall) sínum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (sína)

Hungarian[edit]

sín

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Schiene (rail).

Noun[edit]

sín (plural sínek)

  1. rail
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative sín sínek
accusative sínt síneket
dative sínnek síneknek
instrumental sínnel sínekkel
causal-final sínért sínekért
translative sínné sínekké
terminative sínig sínekig
essive-formal sínként sínekként
essive-modal
inessive sínben sínekben
superessive sínen síneken
adessive sínnél síneknél
illative sínbe sínekbe
sublative sínre sínekre
allative sínhez sínekhez
elative sínből sínekből
delative sínről sínekről
ablative síntől sínektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
síné síneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
sínéi sínekéi
Possessive forms of sín
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. sínem sínjeim
2nd person sing. síned sínjeid
3rd person sing. sínje sínjei
1st person plural sínünk sínjeink
2nd person plural sínetek sínjeitek
3rd person plural sínjük sínjeik

Etymology 2[edit]

+‎ -n

Noun[edit]

sín

  1. superessive singular of

Further reading[edit]

  • sín in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sín

  1. genitive of sig
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sín

  1. inflection of sinn:
    1. feminine nominative singular
    2. neuter nominative plural
    3. neuter accusative plural
Declension[edit]
Possessive pronouns (eignarfornöfn)
singular plural
masculine feminine neuter masculine feminine neuter
nominative sinn sín sitt sínir sínar sín
accusative sinn sína sitt sína sínar sín
dative sínum sinni sínu sínum sínum sínum
genitive síns sinnar síns sinna sinna sinna

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish sínid, from Proto-Celtic *sīnīti, from the same root as *sīros (long) (compare Old Irish sír, Welsh hir), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (late, long) (compare Sanskrit साय (sāyá, evening), Latin sērus (late), Gothic 𐍃𐌴𐌹𐌸𐌿𐍃 (seiþus, late).

Verb[edit]

sín (present analytic síneann, future analytic sínfidh, verbal noun síneadh, past participle sínte)

  1. to stretch, extend
  2. to pass (transfer from one person to another, hand over)
  3. to lengthen
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French signe, seing (sign; mark; signature), from Latin signum (a mark; sign; token). Doublet of séan.

Noun[edit]

sín f (genitive singular síne, nominative plural síneacha)

  1. sign
    Synonym: comhartha
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

sín f

  1. (archaic, dialectal) dative singular of síon

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sín shín
after an, tsín
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *sīnā (weather). Cognate with Welsh hin and Breton hinon (good weather).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʲiːn/ (nominative singular and genitive plural)
  • IPA(key): /ˈsʲiːnʲ/ (accusative and dative singular)

Noun[edit]

sín f (genitive síne, nominative plural sína)

  1. weather
    • c. 850 Glosses on the Carlsruhe Beda, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 10–30, Bcr. 33b14
      .i. conscuchud suas ar ómun inna sín⁠.
      i.e. moving upwards for fear of the storms.
    • Tecosca Cormaic, published in Tecosca Cormaic. The Instructions of King Cormaic Mac Airt (1909, Dublin: Royal Irish Academy), edited and with translations by Kuno Meyer, page 36, §17, line 8
      Dech do sínaib céo []
      The best of weathers is mist []

Usage notes[edit]

Often, but not always, with negative connotations.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sínL sínL sínaH
Vocative sínL sínL sínaH
Accusative sínN sínL sínaH
Genitive síneH sínL sínN
Dative sínL sínaib sínaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: sín

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sín ṡín unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sīnā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 336

Further reading[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sín

  1. inflection of sínn:
    1. feminine nominative singular
    2. neuter nominative/accusative plural

Pronoun[edit]

sín

  1. genitive of sik