Reconstruction:Proto-Uralic/were

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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Uralic[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

In some sources also transcribed *weri. UEW reconstructs (in particular due to the Permic reflexes) *wire. The Mansi forms with ɣ remain unexplained.

Etymology[edit]

Found only within the traditional Finno-Ugric languages; contrast Proto-Samoyedic *këm. Neither word can be explicitly shown to be an innovation, however.

Noun[edit]

*were

  1. blood

Descendants[edit]

  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: vér
    • Mansi:
      • Northern: вигр (vigr)
      • Southern: [script needed] (wür)
    • Khanty:
  • Permic:
  • Mari: *wü̆r
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *vërë (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *veri (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External links[edit]

  • Entry #1152 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.