cara

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See also: Cara, čara, čára, căra, carā, cará, and cà rá

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural caras)

  1. (anatomy) face

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾa/, [ˈka.ɾa]

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural cares)

  1. (anatomy) face
    Synonym: rostru

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural cares)

  1. face (front part of the head)
  2. face (public image)
  3. heads (side of a coin)
  4. face, surface
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of car

Further reading[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara

  1. wound

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cara

  1. third-person singular past historic of carer

Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cara, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural caras)

  1. face (of a person or animal)
    Synonym: rostro
  2. expression; gesture
    • 2016, Malandrómeda, Encontro con !@#$%!! [song]:
      Os anos que botei soñando con este momento
      Funche compoñendo un discurso co tempo.
      Na cabeza creaba imaxes claras
      Dos teus ollos, escoitándome, e das túas caras
      The years I passed dreaming with this moment
      I composed a discourse along the time.
      Inside my head I was making a clear image
      of your eyes, while you was listening to me, and of your gestures
    Synonyms: aceno, xesto
  3. surface (face of a polyhedron)

Preposition[edit]

cara

  1. to
    Synonym: para

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • cara” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2012.
  • cara” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2016.
  • cara” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cara” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cara” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay cara, from Classical Malay cara

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃa.ra/
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra

Noun[edit]

cara (first-person possessive caraku, second-person possessive caramu, third-person possessive caranya)

  1. way
  2. manner
  3. style
    Synonyms: corak, gaya
  4. effort
    Synonyms: ikhtiar, usaha

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish cara (friend, relation) (compare Scottish Gaelic caraid, Manx carrey), from Old Irish carae (friend, relation), from Proto-Celtic *karants (friend), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros (dear) (compare Latin cārus, English charity, whore).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara m (genitive singular carad, nominative plural cairde)

  1. friend

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative genitive plural: carad (in certain phrases, otherwise archaic)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cara chara gcara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Hyphenation: cà‧ra

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural care)

  1. female equivalent of caro

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inflected form of cārus (beloved).

Adjective[edit]

cāra

  1. inflection of cārus:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective[edit]

cārā

  1. ablative feminine singular of cārus

Etymology 2[edit]

Apparently borrowed from Ancient Greek κάρᾱ (kárā, head, face), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂-(e)s-n-, from the root *ḱerh₂- (top, head, horn). Cognate to Latin cornū, corvus, crabrō, cerebrum and cernuus.

Attested tenuously in a single late Latin glossary, where it is given as Greek, and then in medieval Latin documents from Spain. Appears in Romance languages with the meaning “face, facial features” (corresponding to Latin vultus).

Noun[edit]

cara f (genitive carae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin, hapax, glosses, Medieval Latin, uncertain) the head
    Synonym: caput
    Corpus Glossariorum Latinorum, 4 587.8, (etymologising on Virgil's Georgics III, 269):
    'Gargara' quasi cara, caros, idest 'caput, capitis'
    Antidotarium Bambergense, 19 :
    dente [] dolentibus et carā satis antidotī adpositum prōdest
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cara carae
Genitive carae carārum
Dative carae carīs
Accusative caram carās
Ablative carā carīs
Vocative cara carae

Descendants[edit]

  • Padanian:
    • Old Ligurian: cera
      • Gallurese: cera
      • Ligurian: cêa
      • Sassarese: cera
    • Piedmontese: cera
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cara” in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
  • cara”, in Mittellateinisches Wörterbuch, digitalized in Wörterbuchnetz des Trier Center for Digital Humanities, Version 01/21, accessed 2021-06-02
  • cara in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis (de) Koine und Diglossie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 493

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara m

  1. genitive singular form of cars

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit आचार (ācāra, behaviour, good conduct; usage; custom; rule), from Sanskrit चर् (car, to move, to practice)

Alternatively, from Persian چاره(čâra, remedy; help; business; scheme; means, manner, mode).

Noun[edit]

cara (Jawi spelling چارا‎, plural cara-cara, informal 1st possessive caraku, 2nd possessive caramu, 3rd possessive caranya)

  1. manner, means, method
  2. style, fashion

Further reading[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish carae, from Proto-Celtic *karants (friend), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros (dear) (compare Latin cārus, English charity, whore).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara

  1. friend
    coscc carata friend's advice
  2. relative

Declension[edit]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cara, carait carait, cairde
Vocative cara, carait cairde
Accusative carait cairdiu, cairde
Genitive carat carat, cairde
Dative carait cairdib

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cara chara cara
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara f

  1. Alternative spelling of kara

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara m

  1. act of walking about, act of frequenting
  2. one who walks about, one who frequents
  3. messenger, spy

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Thai: จร (jɔɔn, to wander)

Verb[edit]

cara

  1. second-person singular imperative active of carati (to walk)

References[edit]

Pali Text Society (1921-1925), “cara”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sa.ra/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Syllabification: ca‧ra

Noun[edit]

cara m pers

  1. genitive/accusative singular of car

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.ɾɐ/, [ˈka.ɾɐ]

  • Rhymes: -aɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese cara, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱrh₂esn.

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural caras)

  1. face
    Synonyms: face, rosto
  2. heads (side of coin)
    cara ou coroahead or tails
    Synonym: anverso
    Antonym: coroa
  3. (informal) resemblance, appearance (perceived characteristic of a person, object or situation)
    Ele tem cara de idiota.He looks like an idiot.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cara.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cara m (plural caras)

  1. (Brazil, colloquial) man, fellow, guy and any adult male
    Synonyms: bicho, camarada, cabra, tipo
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cara.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cāra.

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro (expensive, dear)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:caro.


Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun[edit]

cara f

  1. face
    Synonyms: fatza, faghe, rostru

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾa/, [ˈka.ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -aɾa
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun[edit]

cara f (plural caras)

  1. (anatomy) face (the front part of the head)
    Synonyms: rostro, haz
  2. face (one's facial expression)
  3. face (the frontal aspect of something)
    Synonyms: frente, fachada
  4. (colloquial) gall, nerve (impudence)
  5. (geometry) face (any of the flat bounding surfaces of a polyhedron)
  6. side (of paper, a card, a coin)
  7. heads (side of a coin)
    Synonym: anverso
    Antonyms: cruz, (Argentina) ceca
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Further reading[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • câr (literary, third-person singular present/future)
  • caraf (first-person singular future)
  • cariff (colloquial, third-person singular future)
  • carith (colloquial, third-person singular future)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cara

  1. inflection of caru:
    1. (colloquial) first-person singular future
    2. (literary) third-person singular present indicative/future
    3. second-person singular imperative

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cara gara nghara chara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.