आचार

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Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɑː.t͡ʃɑːɾ/, [äː.t͡ʃäːɾ]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit आचार (ācāra).

Noun[edit]

आचार (ācārm (Urdu spelling آچار‎)

  1. conduct, behavior
  2. custom, tradition
  3. exchange
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Persian آچار(âčâr).

Noun[edit]

आचार (ācārm (Urdu spelling آچار‎)

  1. Alternative form of अचार (acār)
Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

आ- (ā-) +‎ चार (cāra), ultimately from the root चर् (car).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

आचार (ācāram

  1. conduct, manner of action, behaviour, good behaviour, good conduct
  2. custom, practice, usage, traditional or immemorial usage (as the foundation of law)
    • c. 400 CE, Kālidāsa, Raghuvaṃśa 2.13:
      पृक्तस्तुषारैर्गिरिनिर्झराणमनोकहाकम्पितपुष्पगन्धी।
      तमातपक्लान्तमनातपत्रमाचारपूतं पवनो निषेवे
      pṛktastuṣārairgirinirjharāṇamanokahākampitapuṣpagandhī.
      tamātapaklāntamanātapatramācārapūtaṃ pavano niṣeve
      the sprays of mountain torrents melt with odorous flowers and the breeze sways the trees (lit. “the ones not quitting home”)
      and he (ie, Dilipa), although unumbrellaed and tired by the sun, is followed by pure customs
  3. an established rule of conduct, ordinance, institute, precept
  4. rule, line

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of आचार (ācāra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आचारः
ācāraḥ
आचारौ
ācārau
आचाराः / आचारासः¹
ācārāḥ / ācārāsaḥ¹
Vocative आचार
ācāra
आचारौ
ācārau
आचाराः / आचारासः¹
ācārāḥ / ācārāsaḥ¹
Accusative आचारम्
ācāram
आचारौ
ācārau
आचारान्
ācārān
Instrumental आचारेण
ācāreṇa
आचाराभ्याम्
ācārābhyām
आचारैः / आचारेभिः¹
ācāraiḥ / ācārebhiḥ¹
Dative आचाराय
ācārāya
आचाराभ्याम्
ācārābhyām
आचारेभ्यः
ācārebhyaḥ
Ablative आचारात्
ācārāt
आचाराभ्याम्
ācārābhyām
आचारेभ्यः
ācārebhyaḥ
Genitive आचारस्य
ācārasya
आचारयोः
ācārayoḥ
आचाराणाम्
ācārāṇām
Locative आचारे
ācāre
आचारयोः
ācārayoḥ
आचारेषु
ācāreṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 131
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “ācāra(48)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985