आचार

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sanskrit आचार (ācāra).

Noun[edit]

आचार (ācārm (Urdu spelling آچار)

  1. conduct
  2. custom
  3. behavior

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Persian آچار (âčâr).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

आचार (ācārm (Urdu spelling آچار)

  1. (rare) achar (pickle)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

आ- (ā-) +‎ चार (cāra), ultimately from the root चर् (car).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɑː.t͡ɕɑː.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɑːˈt͡ɕɑː.ɽɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    आचार (ācāram

    1. conduct, manner of action, behaviour, good behaviour, good conduct
    2. custom, practice, usage, traditional or immemorial usage (as the foundation of law)
      • c. 400 CE, Kālidāsa, Raghuvaṃśa 2.13
        पृक्तस्तुषारैर्गिरिनिर्झराणमनोकहाकम्पितपुष्पगन्धी।
        तमातपक्लान्तमनातपत्रमाचारपूतं पवनो निषेवे
        pṛktastuṣārairgirinirjharāṇamanokahākampitapuṣpagandhī.
        tamātapaklāntamanātapatramācārapūtaṃ pavano niṣeve
        the sprays of mountain torrents melt with odorous flowers and the breeze sways the trees (lit. “the ones not quitting home”)
        and he (ie, Dilipa), although unumbrellaed and tired by the sun, is followed by pure customs
    3. an established rule of conduct, ordinance, institute, precept
    4. rule, line

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of आचार (ācāra)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative आचारः
    ācāraḥ
    आचारौ
    ācārau
    आचाराः / आचारासः¹
    ācārāḥ / ācārāsaḥ¹
    Vocative आचार
    ācāra
    आचारौ
    ācārau
    आचाराः / आचारासः¹
    ācārāḥ / ācārāsaḥ¹
    Accusative आचारम्
    ācāram
    आचारौ
    ācārau
    आचारान्
    ācārān
    Instrumental आचारेण
    ācāreṇa
    आचाराभ्याम्
    ācārābhyām
    आचारैः / आचारेभिः¹
    ācāraiḥ / ācārebhiḥ¹
    Dative आचाराय
    ācārāya
    आचाराभ्याम्
    ācārābhyām
    आचारेभ्यः
    ācārebhyaḥ
    Ablative आचारात्
    ācārāt
    आचाराभ्याम्
    ācārābhyām
    आचारेभ्यः
    ācārebhyaḥ
    Genitive आचारस्य
    ācārasya
    आचारयोः
    ācārayoḥ
    आचाराणाम्
    ācārāṇām
    Locative आचारे
    ācāre
    आचारयोः
    ācārayoḥ
    आचारेषु
    ācāreṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]