चार

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3
4
5  → 
    Cardinal: चार (cār)
    Ordinal: चौथा (cauthā)
    Multiplier: चौगुना (caugunā)
    Collective: चारों (cārõ)
    Fractional: चौथाई (cauthāī)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Hindi चारि (cāri), from Prakrit *𑀘𑀬𑀸𑀭𑀺 (*cayāri), an alteration of attested Prakrit 𑀘𑀢𑁆𑀢𑀭𑀺 (cattari), from Sanskrit चत्वारि (catvā́ri), चत्वारः (catvā́raḥ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *ćatwā́ras, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *čatwā́ras, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. Cognate with Gujarati ચાર (cār), Konkani चार (cār), Marathi चार (cār), Nepali चार (cār). The alteration in Prakrit was probably based off the Sanskrit accusative चतुरः (caturaḥ) without a consonant cluster where intervocalic t > y is expected, but could also be an abnormal numeral phonological development. Cognate with Gujarati ચાર (cār), Konkani चार (cār), Marathi चार (cār), Nepali चार (cār), and distantly English four.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃɑːɾ/, [t͡ʃäːɾ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːɾ

Numeral[edit]

चार (cār) (native script symbol , Urdu spellingچار⁩) (cardinal)

  1. four

References[edit]

  • Jaroslav Strnad (2013) Morphology and Syntax of Old Hindī : Edition and Analysis of One Hundred Kabīr Vānī Poems From Rājasthān (Brill's Indological Library; 45), Leiden, →OCLC, page 241
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “cāra”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 252
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “चार”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press

Konkani[edit]

Konkani cardinal numbers
 <  तीन चार पाच  > 
    Cardinal : चार (cār)
    Ordinal : चौतो (cauto)

Etymology[edit]

From Maharastri Prakrit 𑀘𑀢𑁆𑀢𑀸𑀭𑁄 (cattāro), from Sanskrit चत्वारः (catvā́raḥ). Cognate with Gujarati ચાર (cār), Hindi चार (cār), Marathi चार (cār), Nepali चार (cār).

Numeral[edit]

चार (cār) (Latin script char, Kannada script ಚಾರ್)

  1. four

Marathi[edit]

Marathi numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3
4
5  → 
    Cardinal: चार (cār)
    Ordinal: चौथे (cauthe)
    Adverbial: चारवेळा (cārveḷā), चारदा (cārdā)
    Multiplier: चौपट (caupaṭ)
    Collective: चौघे (caughe)
    Fractional: पाव (pāv), चतुर्थांश (caturthāuśa)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Maharastri Prakrit 𑀘𑀢𑁆𑀢𑀸𑀭𑁄 (cattāro), from Sanskrit चत्वारः (catvā́raḥ). Cognate with Gujarati ચાર (cār), Hindi चार (cār), Konkani चार (cār), Nepali चार (cār).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

चार (cār)

  1. four

Nepali[edit]

Nepali numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3
4
5  → 
    Cardinal: चार (cār)
    Ordinal: चौथो (cautho)
    Multiplier: चारगुना (cāragunā), चारगुणा (cāraguṇā)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit चत्वारः (catvā́raḥ), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *čatwā́ras, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. Cognate with Gujarati ચાર (cār), Hindi चार (cār), Konkani चार (cār), Marathi चार (cār).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

चार (cār)

  1. four

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

चार m

  1. Devanagari script form of cāra

Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From चर् (car, to move; to practice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

चार (cāra) stemm

  1. going, motion, progression, course
  2. wandering about, travelling
  3. proceeding
  4. practicing

Descendants[edit]

  • Pali: cāra

References[edit]