carat

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: carât

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (unit of purity): karat (North America)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle French carat, from Italian carato, from Arabic قيراط(carat) (and meaning other small units as well, such as an inch), from Ancient Greek κεράτιον(kerátion, carob seed), diminutive form of κέρας(kéras, horn).

Noun[edit]

carat ‎(plural carats)

  1. A unit of weight for precious stones and pearls, equivalent to 200 milligrams.
  2. Formerly, any of several units of weight, varying from 189 to 212 mg, the weight of a carob seed.
  3. A measure of the purity of gold, pure gold being 24 carats.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First known attestation in 1360 in the plural as quarais. Attested in the singular as quaret at least as early as 1433. Spellings with an initial c- first attested 1367[1].

Noun[edit]

carat m (plural caras or caraz)

  1. carat (measure of purity of gold)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (fr) Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (carat, supplement)

Middle Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carat

  1. genitive singular of cara(friend; relative)
  2. genitive plural of cara(friend; relative)

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
carat charat carat
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.