carat

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (unit of purity): karat (North America)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle French carat, from Italian carato, from Arabic قِيرَاط ‎(qīrāṭ, husk), from Ancient Greek κεράτιον ‎(kerátion, carob seed), diminutive form of κέρας ‎(kéras, horn).

Noun[edit]

carat ‎(plural carats)

  1. A unit of weight for precious stones and pearls, equivalent to 200 milligrams.
  2. Formerly, any of several units of weight, varying from 189 to 212 mg, the weight of a carob seed.
  3. A measure of the purity of gold, pure gold being 24 carats.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First known attestation in 1360 in the plural as quarais. Attested in the singular as quaret at least as early as 1433. Spellings with an initial c- first attested 1367[1].

Noun[edit]

carat m (plural caras or caraz)

  1. carat (measure of purity of gold)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (carat, supplement)

Middle Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carat

  1. genitive singular of cara
  2. genitive plural of cara

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
carat charat carat
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.