caraid

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See also: càraid

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caraid

  1. (archaic, dialectal) dative singular and nominative plural of cara

Noun[edit]

caraid m (genitive singular carad, nominative plural cairde)

  1. (Cois Fharraige) Alternative form of cara (friend)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caraid charaid gcaraid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kareti (to love), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

Verb[edit]

caraid

  1. to love

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • caraid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish cara (friend, relation) (compare Irish cara, Manx carrey), from Old Irish carae (friend, relation), from Proto-Celtic *karants (friend), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros (dear) (compare Latin cārus, English charity, whore).

Noun[edit]

caraid m (genitive singular caraid, plural càirdean)

  1. (male) friend
    Bu tu fhéin an caraid is cha b’ e sin a h-uile caraid.
    You’re an extraordinary friend.
    Cha chall na gheibh caraid.
    It is no loss what a friend gains.
    Is e an caraid caraid na crùthaig.
    A friend (to one) in need is a friend indeed.
  2. relative, cousin

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sense "friend" also caraidean is used as plural form.
  • The vocative form is used when addressing people in correspondence:
    “A Charaid, ...”
    “Dear Sir, ...”
    “A Chàirdean, ...”
    “Dear Sirs, ...”
    “A Sheumais, a charaid, ...”
    “Dear James, ...”

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
caraid charaid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]