стать

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Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic стати (stati), from Proto-Slavic *stati (to stand, become).

Verb[edit]

стать (statʹpf (imperfective станови́ться)

  1. to stand
    Они стали машины и станкиOni stali mašiny i stankiThey stood on the machines and benches.
  2. (with imperfective infinitive) to begin to
    Ста́нут ли гоня́ть они́ кры́с?Stánut li gonjátʹ oní krýs?Do they begin to chase the rats?
  3. (with imperfective infinitive) to come to pass
    Он стал писа́ть.On stal pisátʹ.He began to write.
  4. (with imperfective infinitive) to take to
    Он стал пить.On stal pitʹ.He took to drinking.
  5. (in negative, with imperfective infinitive) to be not going to; used to express a determined negative attitude
    Я не ста́ну э́того де́лать.Ja ne stánu étovo délatʹ.I’m not going to do it.
  6. (impersonal construction) to pass away
    Его́ не ста́ло.Jevó ne stálo.He has passed away.
  7. (impersonal construction) at all costs
    во что бы то ни ста́лоvo što by to ni stáloat all costs
  8. (impersonal construction) therefore
    ста́ло бытьstálo bytʹtherefore; consequently; and so
  9. (with instrumental case) to become, to get, to grow
    Он стал лётчиком.On stal ljótčikom.He became a pilot.
    Он стал седы́м.On stal sedým.He became grey-haired.
    Я стал учи́телем.Ja stal učítelem.I became a teacher.
    Всем ста́ло ску́чно.Vsem stálo skúčno.Everyone was bored.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

стать (statʹf inan (genitive ста́ти, nominative plural ста́ти, genitive plural ста́тей)

  1. build
  2. trait, character, type
    Она ему́ под стать.Ona jemú pod statʹ.She is a match for him.
  3. need
    С како́й ста́ти?S kakój státi?(colloquial) Why should I/you/he/she/it/we/they? For what reason?; why?
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “стать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress