стать

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Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*steh₂-

From Old East Slavic стати ‎(stati), from Proto-Slavic *stati ‎(to stand, become).

Verb[edit]

стать ‎(statʹpf ‎(imperfective станови́ться)

  1. (with imperfective infinitive) to begin to
    Ста́нут ли гоня́ть они́ кры́с?‎ ― Stánut li gonjátʹ oní krýs? ― Do they begin to chase the rats?
  2. (with imperfective infinitive) to come to pass
    Он стал писа́ть.‎ ― On stal pisátʹ. ― He began to write.
  3. (with imperfective infinitive) to take to
    Он стал пить.‎ ― On stal pitʹ. ― He took to drinking.
  4. (in negative, with imperfective infinitive) to be not going to; used to express a determined negative attitude
    Я не ста́ну э́того де́лать.‎ ― Ja ne stánu étovo délatʹ. ― I’m not going to do it.
  5. (impersonal construction) to pass away
    Его́ не ста́ло.‎ ― Jevó ne stálo. ― He has passed away.
  6. (impersonal construction) at all costs
    во что бы то ни ста́ло‎ ― vo što by to ni stálo ― at all costs
  7. (impersonal construction) therefore
    ста́ло быть‎ ― stálo bytʹ ― therefore; consequently; and so
  8. (with instrumental case) to become, to get, to grow
    Он стал лётчиком.‎ ― On stal ljótčikom. ― He became a pilot.
    Он стал седы́м.‎ ― On stal sedým. ― He became grey-haired.
    Я стал учи́телем.‎ ― Ja stal učítelem. ― I became a teacher.
    Всем ста́ло ску́чно.‎ ― Vsem stálo skúčno. ― Everyone was bored.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

стать ‎(statʹf inan ‎(genitive ста́ти, nominative plural ста́ти)

  1. build
  2. trait, character, type
    Она ему́ под стать.‎ ― Ona jemú pod statʹ. ― She is a match for him.
  3. need
    С како́й ста́ти?‎ ― S kakój státi? ― (colloquial) Why should I/you/he/she/it/we/they? For what reason?; why?
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “стать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress