Category:Dutch class 3 strong verbs

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Newest pages ordered by last category link update
  1. verworden
  2. gewaarworden
  3. worden
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. worden
  2. gewaarworden
  3. verworden

Fundamental » All languages » Dutch » Lemmas » Verbs » By inflection type » Strong » Class 3

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a consonant cluster in Proto-Indo-European.

The third class of Dutch strong verbs is the second largest.

There are three regular subclasses, and one anomalous root. Their paradigms are:

Form 3a 3b 3+7 worden
Present tense /-ɪ-/ /-ɛ-/ /-ɛ-/ /-ɔ-/
Past tense singular /-ɔ-/ /-ɔ-/ /-i-/ /-ɛ-/
Past tense plural /-ɔ-/ /-ɔ-/ /-i-/ /-ɛ-/
Past participle /-ɔ-/ /-ɔ-/ /-ɔ-/ /-ɔ-/

class 3a, for example klimmenklomklommengeklommen

class 3b, for example zendenzondzondengezonden

Historically these verbs have a past tense singular in /-ɑ-/, however the modern language replaced this vowel with the /-ɔ-/ of the past plural and past participle. The associated nouns of action have frequently preserved the sound /-ɑ-/: zang, drang, stank.

class 3+7 contains verbs that did not adopt the uniform /-ɔ-/, but have instead received a past tense in /-i-/ due to the influence of the seventh class of strong verbs. For example stervenstierfstiervengestorven

The verb 'worden' has become anomalous due to colouring of the preceding 'w' and the following 'r'.

Subcategories

This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total.

Pages in category "Dutch class 3 strong verbs"

The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total.