resns

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as rets (thin, rare, scarce) (q.v.), with adjectival derivation: *ret-snas > resns. Maybe originally used of trees: rare, sparse trees, separate from others, tend to be thick; this sense could then be generalized to other tree-like objects. A different opinion is that resns is related to Old High German risi (giant), Old Church Slavonic рєдъ (redŭ, food), and perhaps, via metathesis, with Latvian vērsis (ox); but the Lithuanian cognate suggests that the original meaning of this word was “stout,” “strongly built,” not “well fed.” Cognates include Lithuanian rẽsnas (squat, strong, stout).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

resns (def. resnais, comp. resnāks, sup. visresnākais; adv. resni)

  1. (of cylindrical objects) thick (having a relatively large cross-section)
    resni baļķi‎ ― thick logs
    resns zīmulis‎ ― thick, stubby pencil
    resns stumbrs‎ ― thick, stout trunk
    resna virtuve, stieple, caurule‎ ― thick rope, wire, tube
    resni diegi‎ ― thick thread
    resnas adatas‎ ― thick needles
    resnā zarna‎ ― colon (lit. thick intestine)
  2. (of people, animals, body parts) fat, overweight
    resns vīrs‎ ― fat man
    resns vēders‎ ― fat belly
    resna tirgus sieva‎ ― fat market woman, lady
    resns sivēns‎ ― fat piglet
  3. (colloquial, of sounds) having a low timbre
    Jaņuka resnā balss‎ ― Jaņuks' thick voice

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (of leaf- or wall-like objects): biezs
  • (of people): tukls

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “resns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7