slaids

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *slaidus, from Proto-Baltic *sleid-, *slaid-, from Proto-Indo-European *sleidʰ-(slippery, to slide) (whence also slīdēt(to slide), q.v.), which is ultimately from the same stem as laist(to let): *ley-(to let, to let go) with an extra -dʰ and an s-mobile). Cognate with Latvian slidens(slippery), slaids also meant originally “slippery,” with the following semantic evolution: “slippery” > “smooth, even” > “delicate, slender” > “slim, slender” (“tall and thin”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

slaids (def. slaidais, comp. slaidāks, sup. visslaidākais; adv. slaidi)

  1. (of people, body parts) lithe, slim, slender
    augumā Arturs bija līdzīgs māsai, tāpat slaids un lokans, garām kajām‎ ― in height Artur was like his sister, just as slim and lithe, with long legs
    slaidi pirksti‎ ― slender fingers
    slaidas kājas‎ ― slender legs
  2. (of trees, their trunks) slender, straight (having a tall, straight trunk without branches)
    slaidi bērzi‎ ― slender, straight birch trees
    slaids stumbrs‎ ― slender, straight trunk
    mežā priede izaug slaida, ar taisnu un gludu stumbru, kam zari ir tikai pašā galotnē‎ ― in the woods, the pine tree grows slender, with a straight, smooth trunk, and with branches only at the very top
  3. (of plants) straight, slender (having long, straight stems)
    slaidās gladiolas vislabāk izskatās‎ ― the slender gladioli look best
  4. (of objects) slender, slim (thin and relatively tall, high)
    slaida bulta‎ ― slender, slim arrow
    slaida laiva‎ ― slender, slim boat
    slaidas, vieglas slēpes‎ ― slender, light skis
  5. (of geographic features) relatively tall, high, and steep
    slaidie pakalni‎ ― high hills
    slaidi viļņi‎ ― high waves
    viņam patīk slaidās nokalnes‎ ― he likes steep slopes
  6. (of movements) broad, sharp, quick
    te, slaidu soli skriedams, viņu panāca Janelis‎ ― here, running with broad steps, Janelis reached him
    viņš skatījās, kā Roziene slaidiem grābekļa vēzieniem rauš kopā šīs lapas‎ ― he watched as Raziene gathered these leaves with broad strokes of (her) rake
  7. (of circular movements) broad
    slidinoties mājā no skolas, es apmetu slaidu līkumu‎ ― sliding/skiing back home from school, I made a broad turn

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “slaids”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7