tievs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tenˀwas, from an old Proto-Indo-European u-stem noun *ténh₂us to which secondary adjectival endings were added (*tenh₂-u-os), from Proto-Indo-European *tenh₂- ‎(to stretch, to pull, to strain) (whence also tīt ‎(to wind, to coil, to wrap), q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian tévas ‎(slender, thin, delicate), Proto-Slavic *tьnъ (Old Church Slavonic тьнъкъ ‎(tĭnŭkŭ), Russian, Ukrainian тонкий ‎(tónkij, thin, delicate), Bulgarian тънък ‎(tǎ́nǎk, slender, thin, delicate, light), Czech tenký ‎(thin, delicate), Polish cienki ‎(thin, fluid), Upper Sorbian čeńki ‎(thin, weak)), Old High German thunni, dunni ‎(slender, thin), German dünn, English thin, Sanskrit तनुः ‎(tanúḥ, slender, thin, small, weak), Latin tenuis ‎(slender, thin, narrow, delicate, simple), Ossetian тæн ‎(tæn, slender, thin).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

tievs (def. tievais, comp. tievāks, sup. vistievākais; adv. tievi)

  1. (of cylindrical objects) thin (having a relatively small cross-section)
    tievs zīmulis, vadsthin pencil, pipe
    tieva caurule, auklathin tube, string
    tievs kaklsthin neck
    tievi zari, kokithin branches, trees
    tievā zarna — small (lit. thin) intestine
  2. (of people and animals, their body parts) thin, slim, slender (having relatively small size and low weight)
    tieva meitenethin girl
    tievs viduklisthin waist
    tievas kājas, rokasthin legs, arms
    tievs ka lapsenethin as a wasp
  3. (of voices) high-pitched
    balstiņa dusmās divreiz tievāka kā parasti — (his) little voice in anger (was) twice as thin as usual

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “tievs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7