ailid

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *aleti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂életi. Cognate with Middle Welsh Middle Welsh alu (bear young), Latin alō (I feed, nourish), Old English alan (to nourish).

The future stem has eb- extracted from reduplicated futures like ebarthi (will bestow it) (from Proto-Celtic *ɸiɸrāti) and ·ebla¹ (will drive) (from Proto-Celtic *ɸiɸlāti) and reinterpreted as a future marker.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ailid (conjunct ·ail, verbal noun altram)

  1. to nourish
  2. to rear, foster

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ailid unchanged n-ailid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • ailid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thurneysen, Grammar of Old Irish, § 649