Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂életi

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thematic root verb of the root *h₂el-.

Verb[edit]

*h₂életi (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be nourishing

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *h₂életi
3rd plural *h₂élonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *h₂éloh₂ *h₂élom *h₂élōh₂ *h₂éloyh₁m̥
2nd singular *h₂élesi *h₂éles *h₂éle *h₂élēsi *h₂éloys
3rd singular *h₂életi *h₂élet *h₂életu *h₂élēti *h₂éloyt
1st dual *h₂élowos *h₂élowe *h₂élōwos *h₂éloywe
2nd dual *h₂életes *h₂életom *h₂életom *h₂élētes *h₂éloytom
3rd dual *h₂életes *h₂életām *h₂életām *h₂élētes *h₂éloytām
1st plural *h₂élomos *h₂élome *h₂élōmos *h₂éloyme
2nd plural *h₂élete *h₂élete *h₂élete *h₂élēte *h₂éloyte
3rd plural *h₂élonti *h₂élont *h₂élontu *h₂élōnti *h₂éloyh₁n̥t
Participle *h₂élonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *h₂éloh₂er *h₂éloh₂e *h₂élōh₂er *h₂éloyh₂e
2nd singular *h₂életh₂er *h₂életh₂e *h₂éleso *h₂élēth₂er *h₂éloyth₂e
3rd singular *h₂életor *h₂életo *? *h₂élētor *h₂éloyto, *h₂éloyh₁o
1st dual *h₂élowosdʰh₂ *h₂élowedʰh₂ *h₂élōwosdʰh₂ *h₂éloywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *h₂élomosdʰh₂ *h₂élomedʰh₂ *h₂élōmosdʰh₂ *h₂éloymedʰh₂
2nd plural *h₂éledʰh₂we *h₂éledʰh₂we *h₂éledʰh₂we *h₂élēdʰh₂we *h₂éloydʰh₂we
3rd plural *h₂éloror, *h₂élontor *h₂éloro, *h₂élonto *? *h₂élōror, *h₂élōntor *h₂éloyro, *h₂éloyh₁n̥to
Participle *h₂élomnos

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *aleti (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *alaną (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *alō

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press