東床

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Chinese[edit]

east bed; couch; (a measure word)
trad. (東床/東牀) /
simp. (东床)
Literally: “the eastern bed”.

Etymology[edit]

From a tale in the Book of Jin about the renowned calligrapher Wang Xizhi:

When Xi Jian―the Grand Tutor to the Crown Prince in the Eastern Jin dynasty―wanted to select a son-in-law from the Wang family, all the eligible young men in the Wang family were trying to impress the envoy sent by the Grand Tutor when he came. The only exception was Wang Xizhi, who was lying nonchalantly on his bed, eating something with his belly exposed.
The Grand Tutor was informed of what the envoy had observed, that all the young men of the Wang family were fine-looking, albeit reserved, excepting a young man who lay on a bed in the east with a bare abdomen. The Grand Tutor remarked: “That is the one I want as my son-in-law!” He visited the Wang family himself, realised the young man was Wang Xizhi, and gave his daughter to him in marriage.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (20)
Final () (1) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /d͡ʒɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /d͡ʒiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /d͡ʒiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /d͡ʒĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng chuáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dung1 cong4

Noun[edit]

東床

  1. (figuratively) son-in-law
    東床快婿东床快婿  ―  dōngchuáng kuàixù  ―  good son-in-law
  2. (figuratively, literary) guest bed

Derived terms[edit]