徘徊

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Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
(徘徊)
alt. forms 俳佪
俳回
裴回
裵回

Etymology[edit]

A reduplicative, ideophonic compound in Old Chinese.

Compare 婓婓 (OC *pʰɯl pʰɯl, “coming and going”), 回回 (OC *ɡuːl ɡuːl, “revolving; turning”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The huái reading developed irregularly from Middle Chinese. The huí reading is more commonly used (1) by non-Mainlanders, (2) in songs, poems and operas, and (3) by people unfamiliar with the character.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (33)
Final () (42) (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buʌi/ /ɦuʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoi/ /ɦuoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɒi/ /ɣuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwəj/ /ɦwəj/
Li
Rong
/buᴀi/ /ɣuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/buɒi/ /ɣuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ̆i/ /ɣuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péi huí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3072 5444
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*buːl/ /*ɡuːl/

Verb[edit]

徘徊

  1. to pace back and forth; to walk to and fro; to wander
  2. (figuratively) to linger; to hover around; to be reluctant to leave
  3. (figuratively) to hesitate; to dither; to waver
  4. (figuratively) to oscillate; to fluctuate; to vary (between two values)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
はい
Hyōgaiji
かい
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

徘徊 (hiragana はいかい, rōmaji haikai)

  1. prowling

Verb[edit]

徘徊する (hiragana はいかいする, rōmaji haikai suru)

  1. to prowl, to wander, to loiter

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN