躑躅

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See also: 踯躅

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (躑躅)
simp. (踯躅)
alternative forms 蹢躅

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with 躊躇 (OC *du da), 踟躕 (OC *de do), 彳亍 (OC *tʰeɡ toɡs/tʰoɡ), all meaning "walking slowly or with difficulty > hesitant".

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (123) (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖiᴇk̚/ /ɖɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɛk̚/ /ɖiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiæk̚/ /ȡiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖiajk̚/ /ɖuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiɛk̚/ /ȡiok̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭɛk̚/ /ȡĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ɛk̚/ /ȡʱi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhí zhú
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zik6 zuk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjek › ‹ drjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]rek/ /*[d]rok/
English 躑躅 stamp the feet 躑躅 stamp the feet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2354 11826
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*deɡ/ /*doɡ/

Verb[edit]

躑躅

  1. (literary) to walk to and fro; to wander about

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Noun[edit]

躑躅

  1. (literary) Alternative name for 杜鵑花杜鹃花 (dùjuānhuā, “rhododendron”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
つつじ
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
jukujikun
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

Ultimate derivation unknown. Various theories have been proposed, including:

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 躑躅.

Noun[edit]

躑躅(つつじ) (tsutsuji

  1. rhododendron, azalea

Usage notes[edit]

Broadly speaking, the azalea blooms earlier and is distinguished in Japanese as 皐月 (satsuki).

Proper noun[edit]

躑躅(つつじ) (Tsutsuji

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Further reading[edit]