From Middle French detester, from Latin detestari (“to imprecate evil while calling the gods to witness", "denounce", "hate intensely”), from de- + testari (“to testify, bear witness”), from testis (“a witness”); see test, testify.
- IPA(key): /dɪˈtɛst/
- Rhymes: -ɛst
- Hyphenation: de‧test
detest (third-person singular simple present detests, present participle detesting, simple past and past participle detested)
- (transitive) To dislike (someone or something) intensely; to loathe.
- I detest snakes.
1715–1720, Homer, [Alexander] Pope, transl., “Book IX”, in The Iliad of Homer, volumes (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintott […], →OCLC:
Who dares think one thing, and another tell, / My heart detests him as the gates of hell.
- (transitive, obsolete) To witness against; to denounce; to condemn.
1655, Thomas Fuller, edited by James Nichols, The Church History of Britain, […], new edition, volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), London: […] [James Nichols] for Thomas Tegg and Son, […], published 1837, →OCLC: The heresy of Nestorius […] was detested in the Eastern churches. 1545, John Bale, The Image of Both Churches:
God hath detested them with his own mouth.
to dislike intensely
- Bulgarian: мразя (bg) (mrazja), ненавиждам (bg) (nenaviždam)
- Catalan: detestar (ca)
- Mandarin: 厭恨／厌恨 (zh) (yànhèn), 恨死 (hènsǐ)
- Czech: ošklivit si, hnusit si
- Dutch: verafschuwen (nl)
- Esperanto: abomeni (eo), malamegi
- Finnish: inhota (fi)
- French: détester (fr), mépriser (fr)
- German: verabscheuen (de)
- Hungarian: gyűlöl (hu)
- Ingrian: inhota
- Irish: an ghráin a bheith agat ar
- Italian: detestare (it)
- Japanese: (as an adjective) 大嫌い (ja) (だいきらい, daikirai), ひどく嫌う (ひどくきらう, hidoku kirau)
- Latin: odi, exsecror, execror, abōminor
- Norwegian: avsky (no)
- Polish: nienawidzić (pl), nie cierpieć
- Portuguese: detestar (pt), odiar (pt)
- Russian: ненави́деть (ru) (nenavídetʹ)
- Scots: laith
- Scottish Gaelic: fuathaich
- Spanish: detestar (es)
- Swedish: avsky (sv)
- Thai: ชิงชัง (th) (ching-chang), รังเกียจ (th) (rang-gìiat)
- “detest”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “detest”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.