odi

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ODI and Odi-

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin odium, possibly borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

odi m (plural odis)

  1. hatred

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

odî m pl (alternative spelling odi)

  1. plural of odio

Noun[edit]

odi f pl

  1. plural of ode

Verb[edit]

odi

  1. inflection of udire:
    1. second-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative
  2. inflection of odiare:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Late Latin, present tense) odiō
  • (Late Latin, perfect tense) odīvī

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ōdai, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ed-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ōdī (present infinitive ōdisse, future participle ōsūrus); fourth conjugation, perfect forms have present meaning, no supine stem except in the future active participle

  1. I hate, detest.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.5:
      Nōn adōrābis ea, neque colēs: ego sum Dominus Deus tuus fortis, zēlōtēs, vīsitāns inīquitātem patrum in fīliōs, in tertiam et quārtam generātiōnem eōrum quī ōdērunt mē.
      Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.
  2. I dislike; I am displeased by.
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes 1.38.1–2:
      Persicōs ōdī, puer, apparātūs,
      displicent nexae philyrā corōnae.
      I dislike Persian furnishments, boy,
      wreaths tied with linden bark displease me.

Usage notes[edit]

Irregular for historical reasons as well as to avoid near-homophony (especially for non-urban speakers) with forms of audeō and audiō:

  • Perfect tense conjugations are used to express a present stative meaning, inheriting the Proto-Indo-European usage.
  • Pluperfect tenses indicate a continuous past state, with no aspectual distinction possible.
  • Perōsus and exōsus are used in place of present active participles.
  • To express the passive meaning, various expressions with odium are mainly used.

The Classically proscribed form odīvī was extant in the perfect function already by the end of the Republic, replacing the scantily attested ōsus sum, while in Late Latin odiō becomes common in the present and perōsus/exōsus in the passive.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of ōdī (fourth conjugation, no supine stem except in the future active participle, active only, perfect forms as present, pluperfect as imperfect, future perfect as future)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ōdī ōdistī ōdit ōdimus ōdistis ōdērunt, ōdēre
imperfect ōderam ōderās ōderat ōderāmus ōderātis ōderant
future ōderō ōderis ōderit ōderimus ōderitis ōderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ōderim ōderīs ōderit ōderīmus ōderītis ōderint
imperfect ōdissem ōdissēs ōdisset ōdissēmus ōdissētis ōdissent
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ōdisse ōsūrum esse
participles ōsūrus

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: odious
  • Ido: odiar
  • Italian: odiare

References[edit]

  • odi in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • odi in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • odi in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Landgraf, Gustav (1884), “Das Defektivum 'odi' und sein Ersatz”, in Archiv für lateinische lexicographie und grammatik mit einschluss des älteren mittellateins[1]

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

odi m

  1. nominative plural form of ods
  2. vocative plural form of ods

Verb[edit]

odi

  1. 2nd person singular past indicative form of ost

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *auþijaz.

Adjective[edit]

ōdi

  1. empty, desolate, void
Descendants[edit]

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Interjection[edit]

odi

  1. greetings

Volapük[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

odi

  1. accusative singular of od