ost

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See also: Ost, OST, ôt, öst, øst, and -ost

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost ‎(plural osts)

  1. Alternative form of oast

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German ōst(east).

Adverb[edit]

ost

  1. (obsolete) east

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. (obsolete) east
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost c (singular definite osten, plural indefinite oste)

  1. cheese
Inflection[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost ‎(genitive ostu, partitive ostu)

  1. purchase

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. accusative singular of ostur

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost m ‎(plural osts)

  1. host, army

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. indefinite accusative singular of ostur

Latvian[edit]

Ost vīnu

Etymology[edit]

From *uosti, from Proto-Baltic *uod-ti, from *ōd-, from Proto-Indo-European *od-, *ōd-, *h₃ed-(to smell). Cognates include Lithuanian úosti, Old Czech jadati(to explore, to investigate), Ancient Greek ὄζω(ózō, to smell), Latin odōr(smell), Albanian amë(unpleasant smell).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ost tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. ožu, od, , past odu

  1. to smell (to perceive an odor)
    ost cepeti‎ ― to smell roast(ed meat)
    ost vīnu‎ ― to smell the wine
    ost spirta smaku‎ ― to smell the odor of alcohol
    strādājot virtuvē, visu laiku redzot, ožot ēdienu, it kā ēstgribas vairs nav‎ ― working in a kitchen, seeing and smelling food all the time, it is as if one no longer had (= could feel) the desire to eat
  2. to smell, to sniff (to inhale air through the nose, usually several times, in order to try to perceive a smell)
    ost ēteri‎ ― to smell ether
    ožamais spirts‎ ― smelling salts, hartshorn (lit. smellable alcohol)
    divi cilvēki, piebāzuši pirkstu galus pie deguna, steidzīgi oda kaut ko baltu kā lauku vecenes šņaucamo tabaku‎ ― two people, bringing the tips of their fingers to their noses, quickly smelled something white, like old women snuffing tobacco in the countryside
  3. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to sense, to find out)
    saimnieks jau dabūjis ost, ka tu citu vietu meklējoties‎ ― the landowner has already managed to smell that you are looking for another place
  4. to smell, to stink (to have, to spread a bad, unpleasant smell)
    te pēc benzīna‎ ― it smells like gasoline here
    ost pēc ķiplokiem, siļķēm, alus‎ ― to smell like garlic, herring, beer
  5. to smell (to have, to spread a pleasant odor)
    ost pēc odekolona‎ ― to smell like eau-de-cologne
    puķe jauki ‎ ― the flower smells nice
    nokāpj gravā; pēc valgmes un pērnajām lapām‎ ― he goes down the ravine; (there) it smells like dampness and last year's leaves
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to suggest, make think of something, usually unpleasant)
    tas jau oda pēc fašisma‎ ― that smelled like fascism

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ost”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French ost.

Noun[edit]

ost m, f (plural osts)

  1. army

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ost on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) (in French)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

ost m ‎(definite singular osten, indefinite plural oster, definite plural ostene)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost m ‎(definite singular osten, indefinite plural ostar, definite plural ostane)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ōstaz. Cognate with Middle Low German ōst, Dutch oest(knot, tree-stump), Old High German ast (German Ast(branch)), Gothic 𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃(asts).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ōst m

  1. knot in a tree

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin hostis.

Noun[edit]

ost m, f

  1. army (armed military force)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Has a regular declension as both a masculine and a feminine noun
    nominative singular oz, oblique plural oz, nominative plural ost when masculine
    nominative singular ost, oblique plural oz, nominative plural oz when feminine
  • see Appendix:Old French nouns

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Germanic language.

Noun[edit]

ost m (plural osts)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from oster.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

óst f ‎(genitive ostí, nominative plural ostí)

  1. sharp tip

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish oster, from Old Norse ostr, from Proto-Germanic *justaz, from Proto-Indo-European *yaus-, *yūs-.

Noun[edit]

ost c

  1. cheese
Declension[edit]
Inflection of ost 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ost osten ostar ostarna
Genitive osts ostens ostars ostarnas
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ost (not comparable)

  1. east
    Kotka ligger ost om Helsingfors.
    Kotka lies east of Helsinki.

Noun[edit]

ost c ‎(uncountable)

  1. east
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *wɔstä. Compare Tocharian A waṣt.

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. house

Vilamovian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost m

  1. bough, branch