ost

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See also: Ost, OST, ôt, öst, øst, -ost, and -osť

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost (plural osts)

  1. Alternative form of oast

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for ost in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Danish oost, Old Norse ostr, from Proto-Germanic *jūstaz, *justaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost c (singular definite osten, plural indefinite oste)

  1. cheese
Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German ōst (east), from Proto-Germanic *austrą. Cognate of Danish øster, Danish øst.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ost

  1. (obsolete) east

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. (obsolete) east
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ost

  1. past participle of ose

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost (genitive ostu, partitive ostu)

  1. purchase

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. accusative singular of ostur

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French ost, from Old French ost, host, from Latin hostis. An archaic or literary term referring to an army from the Middle Ages, taken from Middle French (i.e. no longer reflecting a popularly inherited form). The modern pronunciation is based on the spelling, differing from the original one, which was /o/. Has survived as an inherited form in the dialects of the Picardy and Maine regions as o (herd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost m (plural osts)

  1. (archaic, literary) host, army

Related terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost

  1. indefinite accusative singular of ostur

Latvian[edit]

Ost vīnu

Etymology[edit]

From *uosti, from Proto-Baltic *uod-ti, from *ōd-, from Proto-Indo-European *od-, *h₃ed-, *h₃ed- (to smell). Cognates include Lithuanian úosti, Old Czech jadati (to explore, to investigate), Ancient Greek ὄζω (ózō, to smell), Latin odōr (smell), Albanian amë (unpleasant smell).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ost (tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. ožu, od, , past odu)

  1. to smell (to perceive an odor)
    ost cepetito smell roast(ed meat)
    ost vīnuto smell the wine
    ost spirta smakuto smell the odor of alcohol
    strādājot virtuvē, visu laiku redzot, ožot ēdienu, it kā ēstgribas vairs navworking in a kitchen, seeing and smelling food all the time, it is as if one no longer had (= could feel) the desire to eat
  2. to smell, to sniff (to inhale air through the nose, usually several times, in order to try to perceive a smell)
    ost ēterito smell ether
    ožamais spirtssmelling salts, hartshorn (lit. smellable alcohol)
    divi cilvēki, piebāzuši pirkstu galus pie deguna, steidzīgi oda kaut ko baltu kā lauku vecenes šņaucamo tabakutwo people, bringing the tips of their fingers to their noses, quickly smelled something white, like old women snuffing tobacco in the countryside
  3. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to sense, to find out)
    saimnieks jau dabūjis ost, ka tu citu vietu meklējotiesthe landowner has already managed to smell that you are looking for another place
  4. to smell, to stink (to have, to spread a bad, unpleasant smell)
    te pēc benzīnait smells like gasoline here
    ost pēc ķiplokiem, siļķēm, alusto smell like garlic, herring, beer
  5. to smell (to have, to spread a pleasant odor)
    ost pēc odekolonato smell like eau-de-cologne
    puķe jauki the flower smells nice
    nokāpj gravā; pēc valgmes un pērnajām lapāmhe goes down the ravine; (there) it smells like dampness and last year's leaves
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) to smell (to suggest, make think of something, usually unpleasant)
    tas jau oda pēc fašismathat smelled like fascism

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns, “ost”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, 1992, →ISBN

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French ost, from Latin hostis.

Noun[edit]

ost m or f (plural osts)

  1. army

Descendants[edit]

  • French: ost

References[edit]

  • ost on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ust/

Noun[edit]

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural oster, definite plural ostene)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ostr.

Noun[edit]

ost m (definite singular osten, indefinite plural ostar, definite plural ostane)

  1. cheese

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ōstaz. Cognate with Middle Low German ōst, Dutch oest (knot, tree-stump). Related with Proto-Germanic *astaz (branch), whence Old High German ast (German Ast), Gothic 𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃 (asts).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ōst m

  1. knot in a tree

Declension[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin hostis, hostem.

Noun[edit]

ost m or f

  1. army (armed military force)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Has a regular declension as both a masculine and a feminine noun
    nominative singular oz, oblique plural oz, nominative plural ost when masculine
    nominative singular ost, oblique plural oz, nominative plural oz when feminine
  • see Appendix:Old French nouns

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: ost
    • French: ost (archaic)

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch oost.

Adjective[edit]

ost

  1. east

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Germanic language.

Noun[edit]

ost m (plural osts)

  1. east

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from oster.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ọ̑st f

  1. sharp tip

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. óst
gen. sing. ostí
singular dual plural
nominative óst ostí ostí
accusative óst ostí ostí
genitive ostí ostí ostí
dative ôsti ostéma ostém
locative ôsti ostéh ostéh
instrumental ostjó ostéma ostmí

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish oster, from Old Norse ostr, from Proto-Germanic *justaz, from Proto-Indo-European *yaus-, *yūs-.

Noun[edit]

ost c

  1. cheese
Declension[edit]
Declension of ost 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ost osten ostar ostarna
Genitive osts ostens ostars ostarnas
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ost (not comparable)

  1. east
    Kotka ligger ost om Helsingfors.
    Kotka lies east of Helsinki.

Noun[edit]

ost c (uncountable)

  1. east
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (compass points) vädersträck;
nordväst norr
nord
nordost
väst Compass rose simple plain.svg öster
öst
ost
sydväst syd sydost


References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *wɔstä, maybe from Proto-Indo-European *weh₂s-tu-; compare Ancient Greek ἄστυ (ástu, town) and Sanskrit वास्तु (vāstu). Compare Tocharian A waṣt.

Noun[edit]

ost m (gen. s. ostantse, obl. s. ost, nom. pl. ostwa)

  1. house

Usage notes[edit]

Often found in the phrases ostmeṃ lät- (lit. “leave home”), meaning “to become a (Buddhist) monk”, and ostmeṃ ltu, “Buddhist monk”. This term reflects the Sanskrit equivalent प्रव्रज्य​ (pravrajya​, go forth). Note that a similar expression, probably a calque, is also found in Chinese 出家 (renounce the family to become a Buddhist monk or nun).


Vilamovian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ost m

  1. bough, branch