ἄστυ

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See also: Ἄστυ and άστυ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ϝάστυ (wástu), from Proto-Hellenic *wástu, with possible connection with Sanskrit वस्तु (vástu, house), Latin verna, Tocharian A waṣt, Tocharian B ost.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἄστῠ (ástun (genitive ἄστεως); third declension

  1. a town, city; the inhabited part of a city in particular, rather than the citadel
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.332
      ἀλλ’ ἄγε μίμνετε πάντες ἐϋκνήμιδες Ἀχαιοὶ
      αὐτοῦ εἰς ὅ κεν ἄστυ μέγα Πριάμοιο ἕλωμεν
      all’ áge mímnete pántes eüknḗmides Akhaioì
      autoû eis hó ken ástu méga Priámoio hélōmen
      Nay, come, abide ye all, ye well-greaved Achaeans, even where ye are, until we take the great city of Priam.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄστυ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 158