ἄστυ

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See also: άστυ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ϝάστυ (wástu), from Proto-Hellenic *wástu, with possible connection with Sanskrit वस्तु (vastu, house), Latin verna, Tocharian A waṣt and Tocharian B ost.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ás.ty/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈas.ty/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈas.ty/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈas.ty/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈas.ti/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἄστῠ (ástun (genitive ἄστεως); third declension

    1. a town, city; the inhabited part of a city in particular, rather than the citadel
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.332
        ἀλλ’ ἄγε μίμνετε πάντες ἐϋκνήμιδες Ἀχαιοὶ
        αὐτοῦ εἰς ὅ κεν ἄστυ μέγα Πριάμοιο ἕλωμεν
        all’ áge mímnete pántes eüknḗmides Akhaioì
        autoû eis hó ken ástu méga Priámoio hélōmen
        Nay, come, abide ye all, ye well-greaved Achaeans, even where ye are, until we take the great city of Priam.

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    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄστυ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 158