ἀστός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ᾰ̓́στυ (ástu, town) +‎ -ος (-os).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓στός (astósm (genitive ᾰ̓στου); second declension (Epic, Doric, Ionic, Attic, Koine)

  1. inhabitant of a town or a city-state: townsman, citizen
    1. a native of a Greek city-state
    2. one who has civil rights (a freeman, not a slave) but not political rights: freeman, free
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Politics 3.1278a.34:
        τέλος δὲ μόνον τοὺς ἐξ ἀμφοῖν ἀστῶν πολίτας ποιοῦσιν.
        télos dè mónon toùs ex amphoîn astôn polítas poioûsin.
        finally, they only make citizens of those [who are born] of [parents] both [of whom are] free.
  2. (in the plural) the common people

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἀστός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἀστός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press