δοῦλος

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See also: δούλος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Mycenaean Greek 𐀈𐀁𐀫 (do-e-ro) /dohelos/,[1] from Canaanite *dōʾēlu ‘servant, attendant’ (compare Late Babylonian [script needed] (dajjālu), Judeo-Aramaic [script needed] (dayyālā)).[2]

According to professor Asko Parpola[3], the word δοῦλος is related to the ethnonym Dahae (found as Δάοι, Δάαι, Δαι or Δάσαι in Greek sources) and thus related to Sanskrit दस्यु (dasyu, bandit, brigand) and Sanskrit दास (dâsa) which originally meant 'demon' and later also 'slave' or 'fiend'.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

δοῦλος (doûlosm (feminine δούλη, neuter δοῦλον); first/second declension

  1. slavish, servile, subject

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

δοῦλος (doûlosm (genitive δούλου); second declension

  1. born slave or bondman

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 249-250
  2. ^ Rafał Rosół, Frühe Semitische Lehnwörter im Griechischen (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH, 2013), 18.
  3. ^ Asko Parpola, The coming of the Aryans to Iran and India and the cultural and ethnic identity of the Dåsas (Helsinki: Studia Orientalia nº64, 1988), 195-202.